Advanced Industrial Psychology PSY 560 Midterm review

Luna Park
Quiz by Luna Park, updated more than 1 year ago
Luna Park
Created by Luna Park over 4 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Advanced Industrial Psychology PSY 560 Midterm review, created by Luna Park on 10/09/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the old view of organizational systems?
Answer
  • Demographically diverse, continuous learning, self-managed work teams, focus on self-reliance.
  • Stable and predictable, hierarchy, top-down command and control.

Question 2

Question
What is the contemporary view of organizations?
Answer
  • Globalized and focus on speed, constantly changing, organized around networks, more demographically diverse, continuous learning, self-managed work teams, focus on self-reliance.
  • Stable and predictable, hierarchy, top-down command and control.

Question 3

Question
Which of these does not fit the 3 C's of the past manager role?
Answer
  • Command.
  • Conquer.
  • Control.
  • Compartment.

Question 4

Question
Which if these does not fit the contemporary perspective for managers?
Answer
  • Incumbents to Managers
  • Controllers to Coaches.
  • Planners to Facilitators.
  • Inspectors to Mentors.

Question 5

Question
Which source has not resulted in changes in jobs and job performance in recent times?
Answer
  • Technology.
  • Globalization.
  • Economic Stability.
  • Mergers & acquisitions.

Question 6

Question
Which of these is a benefit of recent changes in jobs and job performance?
Answer
  • Challenge.
  • Increased Personal Control.
  • Insecurity.
  • All of the Above.
  • None of the Above.
  • Both A and B.
  • Both A and C.

Question 7

Question
What defines each job in terms of the behaviors necessary to perform it and is used to develop hypotheses about the personal characteristics necessary to perform those behaviors?
Answer
  • Job specifications
  • Minimum qualifications
  • Job analysis
  • Job descriptions

Question 8

Question
The following characteristics are representative of what? Qualifications, experience, training, skills, responsibilities, emotional characteristics, sensory demands.
Answer
  • Job analysis
  • Job specifications
  • Job description
  • Minimum qualifications

Question 9

Question
The following characteristics are representative of what? Job title, job location, job summary, working conditions, job duties, conditions of employment, hazards, social environment.
Answer
  • Minimum qualifications
  • Job description
  • Job specifications
  • Job analysis

Question 10

Question
Job descriptions are useful for:
Answer
  • Selection
  • Training
  • Person power planning
  • Job classification
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

Question 11

Question
The first step of conducting a job analysis is
Answer
  • Writing task statements
  • Rating task statements
  • Determining essential KSAOs
  • Gathering existing information

Question 12

Question
Which is not a method of collecting job analysis data?
Answer
  • SME panels
  • Questionnaires
  • ONet
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

Question 13

Question
What evidence is available regarding job analysis reliability and validity?
Answer
  • Daniels & Weiss
  • Davidson & Wurtz
  • Dierdorff & Wilson
  • Donalds & West

Question 14

Question
According to the Dierdorff & Wilson(2003) Meta-analysis, who showed higher inter-rater reliability?
Answer
  • Incumbents
  • Researchers
  • Analysts
  • Supervisors

Question 15

Question
According to the Dierdorff & Wilson(2003) Meta-analysis, what type of analysis is better?
Answer
  • Cognitive
  • Task focused
  • Knowledge based
  • None of the above

Question 16

Question
_____________________ scales using importance and difficulty had higher inter-rater reliability than __________________scales.
Answer
  • Frequency, Temporal
  • Frequency, Descriptive
  • Descriptive, Frequency
  • Descriptive, Temporal

Question 17

Question
What is an evaluative standard, rule, or test by which a person may be judged or measured?
Answer
  • Reliability
  • Criteria
  • Validity
  • KSAO

Question 18

Question
What criteria should be used to establish MQs for a job?
Answer
  • Influenced directly by the desire to artificially manipulate candidate pool.
  • Realistically expected to exist in the pool of candidates.
  • Determined based on the existing qualifications of incumbents or candidates being groomed.
  • Indirectly linked to functional areas/KSAs

Question 19

Question
When conducting a job analysis, average ratings of importance or frequency under .5 should be eliminated.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Criterion contamination is when we measure things that are not related to the job.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Sources of criterion contamination include
Answer
  • Prejudice
  • Racism
  • Sexism
  • Bias

Question 22

Question
Which of these does not belong?
Answer
  • Bias occurs through knowledge of the predictor.
  • Bias occurs through ratings.
  • Bias occurs through group membership.
  • Bias occurs through error.

Question 23

Question
Ratings can be biased through
Answer
  • Adequate observations
  • Limited opportunities to perform
  • Ability to distinguish skills

Question 24

Question
__________________ of criteria refers to the way employees performance varies over time.
Answer
  • Reliability
  • Temporal nature
  • Standard Error
  • Validity

Question 25

Question
Job Performance reliability refers to the method of observation and its effect on conclusions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Examples of the dimensionality of job performance are: job and location, sales performance, leadership.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Criteria may be temporal or dynamic in 3 distinct ways:
Answer
  • Changes over time in rank ordering of scores on the criterion.
  • Changes over time in the leadership of the organization.
  • Changes over time in average levels of group performance.
  • Changes over time in validity coefficients.

Question 28

Question
Test/Re-test Reliability measurements should be taken over 6 months apart.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Reliability refers to
Answer
  • Creating alternative, equal forms for the same test
  • Administering the same test on two different occasions
  • Freedom of unsystematic errors of measurement
  • Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

Question 30

Question
Any factor that influences performance on one occasion but not the other might introduce bias and influence the reliability of the measure.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Parallel forms of reliability are also known as
Answer
  • Alternative
  • Equivalent
  • Counterpart
  • A and C
  • A and B
  • B and C

Question 32

Question
To increase reliability, reduce the variability of differences in individuals taking the test.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Higher variability = higher reliability.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
The difficulty of a test item should be high, to weed out poor test takers.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
The smaller the sample size, the larger the sampling error and lower reliability.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
If reliability is 1, standard error of measurement is 0.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Higher standard error = higher reliability.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Standard error of measurement is the standard deviation of the normal distribution of scores that an individual would obtain if they took the same test 100 times.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Internal consistency reliability is
Answer
  • The extent to which all parts of a measure are similar in what they are measuring.
  • Used to assess the consistency of results across items within a test.
  • An indicator of the degree to which various items on a test are intercorrelated.
  • All of the above.
  • None of the above.

Question 40

Question
Internal Consistency Reliability according to the textbook is
Answer
  • .90 for a procedure
  • .80 and above for applied purposes
  • .70 for research purposes
  • 1

Question 41

Question
The two (2) widely used methods of Internal Consistency Reliability are
Answer
  • Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient
  • Kudar Richardson Estimates
  • Split-half
  • None of the above

Question 42

Question
The most used formula for the Kudar-Richardson Reliability Estimates is
Answer
  • KR-50
  • KR-10
  • KR-90
  • KR-20

Question 43

Question
Split-half reliability estimate is interpreted as
Answer
  • Coefficient of stability
  • Coefficient of reliability
  • Coefficient of equivalence
  • Coefficient of validity

Question 44

Question
Coefficient of stability is a measurement of the correlation between
Answer
  • 2 parallel forms of the same test
  • 2 time points where the subjects and measuring instrument are the same
  • 2 groups of subjects taking the test

Question 45

Question
To compute coefficient of stability use test/re-test.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Coefficient of equivalence refers to the correlation between
Answer
  • the same tests given on two different occasions
  • 2 parallel forms
  • 2 different groups of subjects taking the same test

Question 47

Question
For the coefficient of stability and equivalence, to guard against order effects, both halves of the examinees are given test A, followed by test B.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
The main advantages of computing reliability using the coefficient of stability and equivalence are
Answer
  • Random Error responses
  • Bias responses
  • Specific factor errors
  • Transient errors
  • All of the Above

Question 49

Question
Coefficient of equivalence is also known as
Answer
  • ρ
  • α
  • ε
  • Σ

Question 50

Question
Random error is an error caused by unknown and unpredictable changes in the experiment.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
Random errors increase the consistency and usefulness of test scores.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
Random error varies randomly from occasion to occasion therefore:
Answer
  • obtained scores are equal to true scores
  • obtained scores are different from true scores
  • true scores are lower than obtained scores
  • true scores are higher than obtained scores

Question 53

Question
Reliability can range from 0 - 1.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
Cronbach's alpha is calculated to measure
Answer
  • Test/Re-test reliability
  • Internal Consistency Reliability
  • Coefficient of stability
  • Coefficient of reliability

Question 55

Question
Standard error of measurement helps establish confidence intervals.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

Question
Which of these examples are sources of random error?
Answer
  • Poor lighting
  • Noises
  • Temperature
  • Mood
  • All of the above
  • None of the above

Question 57

Question
Validity is the extent to which the measurement are repeatable.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 58

Question
The Trinitarian view of validity requires which of these to be considered very valid?
Answer
  • Construct validity
  • Content validity
  • Criterion validity
  • All three separately

Question 59

Question
The Unitarian view of validity requires which of these to be considered highly valid?
Answer
  • Construct validity
  • Content validity
  • Criterion validity
  • All three equally
  • All three separately

Question 60

Question
Evidence related to the meaning of the construct and its relationship with other constructs is
Answer
  • Content validity
  • Construct validity
  • Criterion validity
  • None of the above

Question 61

Question
The extent to which your measure contains a fair sample of the universe of situations it is supposed to represent is :
Answer
  • Construct validity
  • Criterion validity
  • Content validity
  • None of the above

Question 62

Question
How well your assessment tool is related to the criteria/test adequacy based on correlations with the criteria is known as
Answer
  • Construct validity
  • Criterion validity
  • Content validity
  • None of the above

Question 63

Question
Construct validity can be gathered by calibrating the test against an established measure, known standard, or against itself.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 64

Question
Content validity can be gathered by SMEs, whose responses are evaluated to make decisions about the content.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

Question
Problems with Predictive validity include
Answer
  • Small sample size
  • Uncontrolled variables
  • Bias

Question 66

Question
Which of the following is a problem with concurrent validity?
Answer
  • Small sample size
  • Longitudinal nature of the study
  • Uncontrolled variables

Question 67

Question
Concurrent validity is measured when :
Answer
  • the criterion measure is available after the predictor measure is taken.
  • the criterion and predictor are collected at the same time.
  • The predictor measure is taken.

Question 68

Question
Predictive validity is when a criterion measure is available after the predictor measure is taken.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 69

Question
Challanges of changes in job and job performance include:
Answer
  • Insecurity
  • Challenge
  • Flexibility
  • High costs

Question 70

Question
Which of these is not a major step in conducting a job analysis?
Answer
  • Identify the tasks performed
  • Write task statements
  • Rate task statements
  • Determine KSAOs
  • Rate KSAOs
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