Chapter 8: Cognitive Processes

Karina Lozano
Quiz by Karina Lozano, updated more than 1 year ago
Karina Lozano
Created by Karina Lozano almost 5 years ago
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Chapter 8: Cognitive Processes Textbook Quiz for Psych 1020

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
According to the logic of Donders's analysis,
Answer
  • Categorization is among the hardest mental processes.
  • It should always take longer to draw a capital C than a capital V.
  • Extra mental steps often result in more time to complete a task.
  • Reaction time is useful for understanding the order of mental processes.

Question 2

Question
When Jerry goes with friends to a fast-food restaurant, they each wait in a different line to see who gets to the counter first. That's a good example of __________ processing.
Answer
  • Serial
  • Automatic
  • Parallel
  • Ambiguity

Question 3

Question
Lauren can juggle and talk at the same time. Warren cannot. It sounds as if juggling is more of a(n) __________ process for Lauren than for Warren.
Answer
  • Controlled
  • Automatic
  • Parallel
  • Serial

Question 4

Question
A friend walks up to you and says, "Remember what I said yesterday? Well, forget about it." If you understand all of this, it's because your friend has made an appropriate assessment of common ground based on
Answer
  • Copresence for actions.
  • Perceptual copresence.
  • Community membership.
  • Linguistic membership.

Question 5

Question
Research has demonstrated that __________ can learn the meanings of plastic symbols without any explicit training.
Answer
  • Vervet monkeys
  • Orangutans
  • Chimpanzees
  • Bonobos

Question 6

Question
The hypothesis of linguistic relativity suggests that
Answer
  • Languages can carve up the color spectrum in any way they choose.
  • The languages individuals speak affect the way they think about the world.
  • People have evolved to use languages with greater complexity than other species.
  • Some languages do not allow people to engage in audience design.

Question 7

Question
Research using fMRI scans suggest that lying draws heavily on the brain areas responsible for __________ and __________.
Answer
  • Aggression; planning
  • Emotion; pattern recognition
  • Planning; emotion
  • Ambiguity resolution; aggression

Question 8

Question
Suppose you study a text that inserts you into the middle of a room with objects around you. It should take you the least time to verify that object that is
Answer
  • In front of you.
  • Behind you.
  • On your left side.
  • On your right side.

Question 9

Question
A(n) __________ is not one component of the definition of a problem space.
Answer
  • Algorithm
  • Set of operations
  • Goal state
  • Initial state

Question 10

Question
When you are engaging in __________ reasoning, you should be wary of a(n) __________.
Answer
  • Inductive; algorithm
  • Inductive; mental set
  • Deductive; premise
  • Deductive; think-aloud protocol

Question 11

Question
Suppose you are asked to estimate whether Hollywood releases more comedies or horror flicks each year. To answer this question, you are most likely to use the __________ heuristic.
Answer
  • Anchoring
  • Adjustment
  • Representativeness
  • Availability

Question 12

Question
Because Paul is a satisficer, you would expect him to
Answer
  • Watch the first TV channel that catches his interest.
  • Be unhappy even though he recently obtained a high-paying job.
  • Test drive dozens of new cars before making a purchase.
  • Try every flavor of coffee at the new corner market.
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