Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis

Karina Lozano
Quiz by Karina Lozano, updated more than 1 year ago
Karina Lozano
Created by Karina Lozano almost 5 years ago
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Chapter 6: Learning Textbook Quiz for Psych 1020

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
When Joan first moved to the city, she couldn't sleep because of the traffic noise. Now she hardly hears the traffic at all. This is an example of
Answer
  • Sensitization.
  • Habituation.
  • Consistency.
  • Classical conditioning.

Question 2

Question
You would not expect a close adherent to Skinner's ideas to focus on
Answer
  • Internal states as causes of behavior.
  • Forms of learning conserved across species.
  • Association between behaviors and rewards.
  • The environmental stimuli that cause behaviors.

Question 3

Question
In Pavlov's experiments, ________ served as the unconditioned stimulus.
Answer
  • Salivation
  • Food powder
  • The sight of the assistant
  • Tones

Question 4

Question
Six-year-old Pavel has a neighbor with a small dog who barks at him everyday. Over time, Pavel has become frightened of all dogs. This is an example of
Answer
  • Stimulus discrimination.
  • Backward conditioning.
  • Spontaneous recovery.
  • Stimulus generalization.

Question 5

Question
Peter wishes to use classical conditioning in which a light will be his CS and en electric shock will be the UCS. You tell him that the light must ________ the shock.
Answer
  • Be temporally contiguous with
  • Reliably predict
  • Be in a blocking relationship with
  • Occur after

Question 6

Question
When classical conditioning contributes to drug tolerance, the conditioned stimulus is the
Answer
  • Setting in which individuals take the drugs.
  • Body's compensatory reaction to the drug.
  • High the drugs give when the individual takes them.
  • Individual's fear of an overdose.

Question 7

Question
One night after eating a hot dog you get very sick; now you shudder at the idea of eating a hot dog. A friend suggests that extinction trials will allow you to overcome this aversion. This means that you should
Answer
  • Associate hot dogs with foods you like.
  • Make yourself sick eating something else.
  • Eat some more hot dogs.
  • Use hot dogs as a reward.

Question 8

Question
For people undergoing chemotherapy, an unconditioned response would be
Answer
  • Anticipatory fatigue.
  • The setting in which the individual receives the treatment.
  • The infusion of drugs into their bodies.
  • Their bodies' reaction to the drugs.

Question 9

Question
In an operant conditioning experiment, you offer people expensive chocolate each time they perform a desired behavior. You think it's likely that the chocolate will be a ________ of the people.
Answer
  • Reinforcer for all
  • Reinforcer for none
  • Punisher for all
  • Reinforcer for some

Question 10

Question
In one study, the children who had received the most physical punishment as 15-month-olds showed ________ behavioral problems at 36 months and ________ behavior problems in the first grade then their less-punished peers.
Answer
  • Fewer; fewer
  • Fewer; more
  • More; fewer
  • More; more

Question 11

Question
In your new job, you get paid $2 every time you finish polishing 20 apples. This situation puts you on a ________ schedule.
Answer
  • Variable-interval
  • Variable-ratio
  • Fixed-ratio
  • Fixed-interval

Question 12

Question
Zoe watches her older sister slip on ice and bruise her arm. After that, Zoe is very careful when she walks on ice. This is an example of
Answer
  • Observational learning.
  • Classical conditioning.
  • Operant extinction.
  • Sensitization.
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