chapter 5,6,7,8,9 & 10 review

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Quiz by Snack Pack, updated more than 1 year ago
Snack Pack
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EXAM REVIEW!!

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Question 1

Question
The only state that still permits the firing squad as a possible form of execution is?
Answer
  • Texas
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • Georgia

Question 2

Question
Survey methodology did not become a powerful research tool until the?
Answer
  • 1930's
  • 1950's
  • 1970's
  • 1990's

Question 3

Question
Every western European country has banned capital punishment, except?
Answer
  • France
  • Spain
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • none of the these

Question 4

Question
The goal of the statistical theory of sampling is?
Answer
  • To match the sampler's views with a public response
  • To account for wide variances in public opinion on controversial issues
  • To reflect the views of the population with some predictable degree of accuracy
  • To obtain the view of every individual in the population

Question 5

Question
The accuracy of the population sample used for public opinion polls depends on?
Answer
  • Randomness of selection, size of sample, and variation in population
  • The factors of believability and reliability
  • Whether telephoning or direct contact is used to draw the sample
  • The care with which questions are written and asked

Question 6

Question
One of the nation's oldest polls, the_____________, was started in the 1930's, and was most notably wrong in 1948 when it predicted that Thomas Dewey, the Republican candidate, would defeat the Democratic candidate incumbent, Harry Truman in the presidential election.
Answer
  • Harris Poll
  • Gallup Poll
  • Zogby Poll
  • Field Poll

Question 7

Question
Today, college students are much more ______________ than the general public
Answer
  • Moderate
  • Conservative
  • Alienated
  • Liberal

Question 8

Question
When elementary schools introduce students to authority figures outside the family, like the teacher, they prepare students for the value of _________; when they stress norms of democratic decision making and respecting the opinions of others, they teach _________.
Answer
  • Equality; Freedom
  • Equality; Order
  • Freedom; Order
  • Order; Equality

Question 9

Question
As a general trend, college-educated individuals are more likely to choose?
Answer
  • Social Order over freedom
  • Equality over freedom
  • Freedom over social order
  • Equality over social order

Question 10

Question
Which of the following statements concerning ideological “moderates” is correct?
Answer
  • Many people identify as “moderate” because they do not understand the alternatives.
  • Moderates tend to have higher than average incomes and education.
  • Moderates are as likely as liberals and conservatives to correctly identify ideologies
  • Fewer Americans identify as “moderate” than as liberal or conservative

Question 11

Question
The civil rights guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” is located in the ?
Answer
  • the Civil Rights Act of 1875
  • the Declaration of Independence
  • the Fourteenth Amendment
  • the Sixth Amendment

Question 12

Question
A primary election in which voters must declare their party affiliation before they are given the primary ballot is a(n) ________ primary.
Answer
  • Blanket
  • Open
  • Closed
  • Challenge

Question 13

Question
The outcome of the1800 presidential election between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was so close that the election was decided by the?
Answer
  • electoral college on a second ballot
  • Senate
  • State's Legislators
  • House of Representatives

Question 14

Question
__________, candidate for president in 1992, ran as an independent and won 19 percent of the popular vote.
Answer
  • Ron Paul
  • Ross Perot
  • John Edwards
  • Ralph Nader

Question 15

Question
__________ captured the presidency in 1968 and won five of the eleven southern states in the old Confederacy, signaling an electoral realignment that has seen Republican candidates for president do very well in the south.
Answer
  • Hubert Humphrey
  • George Wallace
  • Richard Nixon
  • Ronald Reagan

Question 16

Question
From 1860 to 1930
Answer
  • the Democrats won most presidential elections
  • the Republicans won most presidential elections
  • the Democrats and Republicans won about the same number of presidential elections.
  • the Democrats, then the Republicans won most presidential elections.

Question 17

Question
In response to the increase in the number of citizens eligible to vote in the 1820s and 1830s, political parties
Answer
  • ran more candidates for office
  • downplayed the use of party platforms
  • devised the national convention for nominating presidents.
  • restricted the use of popular elections to select presidential electors.

Question 18

Question
Which of the following statements best describes the attitude of the American people toward political parties?
Answer
  • Americans feel strong personal loyalties to their parties
  • Americans recognize the value of parties but distrust the existing ones.
  • Americans are ideologically divided, as are parties
  • Americans see parties as inherently undemocratic

Question 19

Question
Who was the leader of the Federalists?
Answer
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Aaron Burr
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Madison

Question 20

Question
The early Republicans (also known as the Democratic Republicans) were led by
Answer
  • John Adams
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • James Madison

Question 21

Question
Those that supported the new Constitution were called __________, and those who opposed it were called __________.
Answer
  • Federalists; Antifederalists
  • loyalists; revolutionaries
  • liberals; conservatives
  • Tories; Whigs

Question 22

Question
A method of delegate selection that begins with local meetings and culminates in a state convention is also known as the
Answer
  • Frontloading method
  • Caucus method
  • Open primary
  • Closed primary

Question 23

Question
A state moves its primary to an earlier date to encourage presidential candidates who would otherwise have skipped that state to campaign there. This is known as
Answer
  • A Silent primary
  • Early entry
  • Front Loading
  • A Horse race

Question 24

Question
Successful candidates for party nominations for the presidency owe their nominations primarily to
Answer
  • their own personal campaign organizations
  • the backing of the national party organization
  • interest group endorsements and support
  • endorsements from newspapers and television stations

Question 25

Question
There are a total of _________ votes in the electoral college.
Answer
  • 270
  • 435
  • 538
  • 100

Question 26

Question
In 2000, Republican George W. Bush won the presidency despite
Answer
  • his failure to win his party’s nomination
  • his losing more states than Al Gore
  • winning fewer electoral college votes than Democrat Al Gore
  • receiving fewer popular votes than Al Gore

Question 27

Question
The number of electoral votes needed to win the presidency
Answer
  • 135
  • 270
  • 538
  • 330

Question 28

Question
If no presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral college votes, the election is decided by
Answer
  • the U.S. Congress.
  • the Senate.
  • the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • the House of Representatives.

Question 29

Question
A voter who determines which candidate he or she will vote for very early in the campaign most likely has based that decision on
Answer
  • the media’s perception of the front-runner
  • party identification
  • the candidate’s stand on a particular issue of importance
  • the candidate’s projected image

Question 30

Question
Which of the following statements about unconventional participation is not true?
Answer
  • It challenges existing government channels or institutions.
  • It violates principles or beliefs of the dominant culture.
  • It always involves working outside the rules of democratic politics.
  • It may be effective for those who have been otherwise excluded from participation in a democratic polity.

Question 31

Question
Which of the following was the first known act of unconventional participation in America?
Answer
  • Shays’s Rebellion
  • The Boston Tea Party
  • The Revolutionary War
  • The Declaration of Independence

Question 32

Question
Americans are less likely to __________ than citizens of other countries
Answer
  • join demonstrations
  • vote
  • boycott products
  • be interested in politics

Question 33

Question
A practical test of whether or not a government is democratic is whether
Answer
  • people can operate outside government institutions to influence policymaking.
  • conventional political action consists largely of influencing behaviors and not supportive behaviors.
  • direct action is necessary for government to hear citizens’ views.
  • citizens can affect its policies by acting through its institutions

Question 34

Question
A legal action brought by a person or group on behalf of a number of people in similar circumstances is also known as a(n)
Answer
  • class action suit.
  • initiative.
  • public act
  • referendum

Question 35

Question
A direct primary is a
Answer
  • direct vote on a proposed law.
  • preliminary election to choose party candidates.
  • procedure by which voters can propose a law to be considered by the legislature.
  • recorded position on an issue by an interest group.

Question 36

Question
Most referenda are placed on the ballot by
Answer
  • governors.
  • interest groups.
  • legislatures.
  • judges.

Question 37

Question
Characteristics frequently associated with nonvoters are
Answer
  • low education, high income, and being middle-aged.
  • high education, low income, and being relatively old.
  • low education, low income, and being relatively young
  • low income and general apathy.

Question 38

Question
A 2009 study showed that half of all voters are unaware that they can
Answer
  • vote by mail.
  • register at motor vehicle offices.
  • vote for U.S. Senators.
  • switch political parties.

Question 39

Question
The majoritarian model of democracy favors
Answer
  • resourceful individuals seeking particularized benefits.
  • better-educated, wealthier citizens.
  • both conventional and unconventional forms of participation.
  • voting as the primary means of participation.

Question 40

Question
The primary goal of interest groups is to
Answer
  • influence public policy.
  • educate the public about issues.
  • provide campaign donations.
  • fight corruption in government.

Question 41

Question
Alexis de Tocqueville believed that the American tendency to join associations
Answer
  • would decline as the country grew.
  • was a threat to democracy.
  • reflected a strong democratic culture.
  • could lead to factionalism.

Question 42

Question
_________ believe that interest groups further democracy by broadening representation within the system.
Answer
  • Pluralists
  • Humanitarians
  • Majoritarians
  • Elitists

Question 43

Question
An important idea of pluralist theory is that
Answer
  • most interest groups work for the good of the majority.
  • the institutions of government will ignore interest groups regardless of their orientation.
  • people join groups for benefits, regardless of current circumstances.
  • new interest groups naturally form when the need arises.

Question 44

Question
When the air you breathe is made cleaner as a result of lobbying done by an interest group to which you do not belong, you are an example of
Answer
  • a program monitor.
  • a free rider.
  • a freeloader.
  • the PAC problem.

Question 45

Question
__________ make sure that people in government know what their members want and that their organizations know what the government is doing.
Answer
  • Federal agency administrators
  • Lobbyists
  • Governors
  • Political Parties

Question 46

Question
The lobbyist’s primary job involves
Answer
  • passing information on to their employers and to policymakers.
  • assisting campaigns.
  • mobilizing campaign contributors.
  • trading on favors.

Question 47

Question
A strategy that relies on a group representative’s personal contact with policymakers is
Answer
  • coalition building.
  • direct lobbying.
  • insider lobbying.
  • grassroots lobbying.

Question 48

Question
Most lobbyists believe that public testimony before congressional committees
Answer
  • is the most effective way of influencing legislation.
  • should be televised so that all citizens have access to this information.
  • should be a matter of public record.
  • is less important than are private one-on-one meetings.

Question 49

Question
The most common form of grassroots lobbying involves
Answer
  • telephone calls.
  • letter writing.
  • web page building.
  • picketing.

Question 50

Question
__________ weaken parties more because it allows voters to float between parties rather than require the voters to participate in the party in which they are registered.
Answer
  • Closed Primaries
  • Open Primaries
  • Congressional primaries
  • Caucus primaries

Question 51

Question
In 2011, President Obama announced his candidacy for reelection
Answer
  • in a two-minute YouTube video.
  • on the front lawn of the White House.
  • in a cable news channel interview.
  • on his campaign Facebook page.

Question 52

Question
Supporters of the new technological journalism make all but the following defense of the new era?
Answer
  • Readers will still want investigative, local, and international reporting.
  • In 2011, a non-profit online news site won a Pulitzer for its Wall Street coverage
  • Traditional media, such as newspapers, are successfully reinventing themselves as online ventures
  • The spread of mobile technology allows information to reach bigger audiences

Question 53

Question
A poll of Americans who had seen or heard of Michael Moore’s 2007 documentary Sicko found that _________ changed their mind and said health-care reform was more necessary.
Answer
  • relatively few
  • nearly half
  • about one-quarter
  • over three-quarters

Question 54

Question
So far, the only major paper with a long-standing successful practice of charging its online readers for content is
Answer
  • the Wall Street Journal.
  • the Washington Post.
  • the New York Times.
  • USA TODAY.

Question 55

Question
Since 2009, most prominent weekly news magazines
Answer
  • have seen a resurgence in readership circulation.
  • have declined in recent years as much as newspaper circulation has declined.
  • have reinvented themselves as online publications.
  • have formed content-distribution partnerships with radio and television stations.

Question 56

Question
The Internet was started
Answer
  • in 1989, by Bill Gates for Microsoft’s Windows products.
  • in 1972, by a group of thirty-seven universities.
  • in 1920, after the Great Depression.
  • in 1969, with support from the U.S. Department of Defense.

Question 57

Question
A 2011 news analysis found that cable TV was particularly devoted to __________ whereas online news sites and newspapers provided more coverage of __________.
Answer
  • local news; election coverage
  • economic news; foreign affairs
  • election coverage; foreign affairs
  • local news; economic news

Question 58

Question
The five members of the Federal Communications Commission
Answer
  • are appointed by the president.
  • are chosen by Congress.
  • serve life terms.
  • are selected by a council chosen by the broadcast industry.

Question 59

Question
The _________ prohibits Congress from abridging freedom of the press.
Answer
  • First Amendment
  • Second Amendment
  • Fourth Amendment
  • Ninth Amendment

Question 60

Question
One difference between media habits of men and women is that
Answer
  • women are more likely to get their news from radio.
  • women are more likely to get their news from television.
  • women listen to more sources of news than men do.
  • women are more interested in programming about the economy.
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