Psychology Research Methods

turrc001
Quiz by , created over 5 years ago

Psychology

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turrc001
Created by turrc001 over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Which ONE of the following is a non-directional hypothesis:
Answer
  • Pupils studying GCSE psychology are much happier than those studying GCSE sociology.
  • There will be a different between the number of times male and female drivers fail to stop at a red light.
  • People who eat only bread score a higher test score on IQ tests than people who eat only white bread.

Question 2

Question
What does a Null Hypothesis have to say in order for it to be complete?
Answer
  • There will be a difference...
  • The two conditions will be exactly the same.
  • Any differences or similarities between the sets of results in an experiment will be due to chance alone.

Question 3

Question
The Dependent variable is affected by the Independent variable. True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Which of the following two answers are ADVANTAGES for a natural experiment?
Answer
  • There will be a higher chance of demand characteristics in the experiment as participants will try and guess what is happening.
  • There will be less chance of demand characteristics as participants are unaware that they are taking part in an experiment.
  • There is more control throughout the experiment.
  • Researchers can investigate behaviours that, for ethical reasons, cannot be created.

Question 5

Question
Which of the following two answers are DISADVANTAGES for a field experiment?
Answer
  • Researchers cannot get the participant's informed consent which can be considered as unethical.
  • Demand characteristics can become a big issue in the experiment.
  • There will be a higher control of ecological validity.
  • The experiment is difficult to replicate if needed again.

Question 6

Question
A lab experiment is an experiment which takes place in a natural setting. True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
"A group of psychology students were studying social influence. As part of their studies, they decided to investigate the extent to which drivers complied to the rules of the road. To do this, they stood near a pedestrian crossing and noted how often drivers stopped when a pedestrian stood by the crossing waiting to cross." What type of experiment is this?
Answer
  • A Lab experiment
  • A field experiment
  • A naturalistic experiment

Question 8

Question
What is the experimental design of 'Matched Pairs'?
Answer
  • Where the experiment is repeated again with the same matched conditions as before.
  • Testing the same group of people in different conditions to test what the difference is between the two paired conditions.
  • Testing separate groups of people where each member of one group is the same age, sex or social background as the member of the other group.

Question 9

Question
Which one of the following is NOT a reason of Order effects?
Answer
  • The participant gets bored in the experiment.
  • The participant no longer wants to do the experiment.
  • The participant starts to work out the experiment.
  • The participant feels tired or worn out at the time of the experiment.

Question 10

Question
A stratified sample is using anyone in the target population who is available. True or False?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Selecting participants at fixed intervals is which type of sampling technique?
Answer
  • Random Sample
  • Opportunity sample
  • Systematic sample
  • Stratified sample

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is not an example of a standardised procedure?
Answer
  • The investigation is in the same place, with the same equipment and materials placed in the same way.
  • The investigation is under the same conditions, including the level of lighting, noise and heat.
  • Having the same psychologist in both the experiments can make the results more accurate.
  • The investigation is done at roughly the same time of day, as many people behave differently if tested at nine o' clock in the morning rather than five o' clock at night.

Question 13

Question
A group of psychology students got these results in a test: 52, 64, 58, 41. What is the mean of these results?
Answer
  • 54
  • 64
  • 53

Question 14

Question
Tick the following BPS published ethical issues which need to be considered in experiments.
Answer
  • Observations
  • Deception
  • Withdrawal
  • Debriefing
  • Conviction
  • Safety

Question 15

Question
What does BPS stand for?
Answer
  • The British Psychological Society
  • The British Publishing Society
  • The Big Psychological Song