Self care for GI disorders

bpasistor
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

What you gotta do if you have to poo.

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bpasistor
Created by bpasistor over 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
What is another name for pyrosis?
Answer
  • a. GERD
  • b. NERD
  • c. Heartburn
  • d. Acid Reflux
  • e. A & B
  • f. C & D

Question 2

Question
Which of the following conditions could lead to esophageal cancer if left untreated?
Answer
  • a. NERD
  • b. Pyrosis
  • c. GERD
  • d. None of the above

Question 3

Question
True or False – NERD usually progresses to GERD over time.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
What are considered some risk factors for heartburn?
Answer
  • a. Alcohol
  • b. Smoking
  • c. Stress
  • d. Pregnancy
  • e. All of the Above
  • f. None of the Above

Question 5

Question
If a patient has dysphagia, they are having trouble with which of the following?
Answer
  • a. Difficulty hearing
  • b. Difficulty speaking
  • c. Difficulty seeing
  • d. Difficulty swallowing

Question 6

Question
True or False? If asked by a patient to treat acid reflux, you should always recommend non-pharmacological options first.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
What is the general onset of an antacid?
Answer
  • a. 5 minutes
  • b. 10 – 15 minutes
  • c. 15 – 30 minutes
  • d. 30 minutes to 1hour

Question 8

Question
Which two drug classes of antibiotics should you watch out for when taking antacids?
Answer
  • a. macrolides & penicillins
  • b. amino-glycosides & fluoroquinolones
  • c. quinolones & tetracyclines
  • d. tetracyclines & macrolides

Question 9

Question
What is a side effect of calcium salts?
Answer
  • a. belching & flatulence
  • b. diarrhea
  • c. constipation
  • d. edema
  • e. none of the above

Question 10

Question
Which salts should you avoid in heart failure, cirrhosis, and hypertensive patients?
Answer
  • a. aluminum salts
  • b. magnesium salts
  • c. calcium salts
  • d. sodium salts

Question 11

Question
What is the brand name of bismuth subsalicylate (BSS)?
Answer
  • a. Tums
  • b. Pepto-bismol
  • c. Kaopectate
  • d. Prevacid
  • e. A & B
  • f. B & C

Question 12

Question
True or False? Children under the age of 12 can take BSS without any concerns
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Which medications does the salicylate component of BSS interfere with?
Answer
  • a. warfarin
  • b. valproic acid
  • c. methotrexate
  • d. all of the above

Question 14

Question
Which of the following medications is an example of an H2RA?
Answer
  • a. omeprazole (Prilosec)
  • b. calcium carbonate (Tums)
  • c. ranitidine (Zantac)
  • a. lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Question 15

Question
True or False? Cimetidine is the best option out of all the H2RAs available.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
How long does an H2RA typically last?
Answer
  • a. 20 – 60 minutes
  • b. 2 – 5 hours
  • c. 4 – 12 hours
  • d. 24 hours

Question 17

Question
Match the generic names with the brand names of the H2RAs. -famotidine = [blank_start]Pepcid[blank_end] -Zantac = [blank_start]Ranitidine[blank_end] -cimetidine = [blank_start]Tagamet[blank_end]
Answer
  • Pepcid
  • loratidine
  • Ranitidine
  • Cimetidine
  • Tagamet
  • famotidine
  • ranitidine
  • hydroxyzine
  • promethazine

Question 18

Question
True or False? H2RAs can be used as needed for acid reflux conditions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
How long can proton pump inhibitors (PPI) last for?
Answer
  • a. 5 – 10 hours, up to 24 hours
  • b. 12 – 18 hours, up to 36 hours
  • c. 12 – 24 hours, up to 72 hours
  • d. 24 – 36 hours, up to 48 hours

Question 20

Question
How long can you take a PPI for before needing to be referred?
Answer
  • a. 10 days
  • b. 12 days
  • c. 14 days
  • d. 21 days

Question 21

Question
True or False? Rebound symptoms can occur when you stop taking a PPI.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Which of the following medications can cause issues if taken with a PPI?
Answer
  • a. Tums
  • b. Levaquin
  • c. Plavix
  • d. Cymbalta

Question 23

Question
What should you recommend to Sally, a 7-year-old girl, who is experiencing mild symptoms of acid reflux?
Answer
  • a. famotidine
  • b. omeprazole
  • c. calcium carbonate
  • d. nothing, refer to MD.

Question 24

Question
What are some non-pharmacological options you could recommend to someone who is experiencing heartburn?
Answer
  • a. Drink 3 cups of coffee every morning
  • b. Eat larger meals
  • c. Smoke 1 pack of cigarettes per day
  • d. Avoid eating less than 3 hours before bed

Question 25

Question
True or False? Simethicone prevents bubble formation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
What is/are the brand name(s) of simethicone?
Answer
  • a. Gas-X
  • b. Activated charcoal
  • c.. Miralax
  • d. Phazyme
  • e. All of the above
  • f. B & C
  • g. A & D

Question 27

Question
What is activated charcoal used for?
Answer
  • a. Helps with digestion of lactose containing products
  • b. Helps with digestion of carbohydrate filled meals
  • c. Helps with keeping you regular
  • d. Helps with reducing absorption of many toxic ingestions

Question 28

Question
True or False? Dietary supplements like Lactaid and Beano will not increase your blood glucose.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Which is considered the first line of treatment for an adult who has gas, but does not know what is triggering it?
Answer
  • a. activated charcoal
  • b. simethicone
  • c. Beano
  • d. Lactaid
  • e. None of the above

Question 30

Question
Which medications are associated with constipation?
Answer
  • a. opioids
  • b. anticholinergics
  • c. antibiotics
  • d. calcium supplements
  • e. All of the above
  • f. A & B
  • g. B & D

Question 31

Question
Which is an example of a bulk-forming laxative?
Answer
  • a. Miralax
  • b. Metamucil
  • c. Glycerin
  • d. Docusate

Question 32

Question
True or False? You must drink an adequate amount of fluid with bulk-forming laxatives otherwise it may swell and cause choking or throat blockage.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Which type of laxatives “draw water into colon via osmosis” to help with constipation?
Answer
  • a. Bulk-forming laxatives
  • b. Hyperosmotic laxatives
  • c. Emollient laxatives
  • d. Lubricant laxatives

Question 34

Question
Which laxative should you especially avoid taking with mineral oil?
Answer
  • a. Emollient laxatives like docusate
  • b. Hyperosmotic laxatives like glycerin
  • c. Bulk-forming laxatives like Citrucel
  • d. Saline laxatives like magnesium citrate

Question 35

Question
Which one is a good example of a stimulant laxative?
Answer
  • a. Miralax
  • b. Glycerin
  • c. Mineral oil
  • d. Magnesium citrate
  • e. Bisacodyl

Question 36

Question
What would you recommend to the parent of a 1½ year old that has been constipated for a couple days?
Answer
  • a. Push fluids to help push stool through
  • b. Start with docusate or magnesium oxide
  • c. Nothing. Refer parent to pediatrician for further assistance.
  • d. None of the above

Question 37

Question
Which special populations are considered most at risk from complications of diarrhea?
Answer
  • a. Children under 5 years old
  • b. Adolescents between the ages of 13 – 18
  • c. Young adults between the ages of 21 – 30
  • d. Elderly adults greater than 65
  • e. All of the above
  • f. A & D

Question 38

Question
True or False? Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance are not something to worry about when it comes to complications of diarrhea.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
In the “Rehydration Phase” of a 4 year old child, how many mLs of fluid should you give them if they weigh 50 lbs?
Answer
  • a. 500 – 1000mL
  • b. 800 – 1200mL
  • c. 1100 – 2300mL
  • d. 1500- 2500mL

Question 40

Question
In the “BRAT” diet, what is NOT a component that would be eaten with someone who has acute diarrhea?
Answer
  • a. Bananas
  • b. Red meat
  • c. Applesauce
  • d. Toast
  • e. All of the above are a part of the BRAT diet

Question 41

Question
True or False? Loperamide is considered an opioid.
Answer
  • True
  • False