Schizophrenia (Sz) is a condition that severely disrupts the individuals psychological functioning and is characterised by
Positive symptoms (i.e. Hallucinations) only
Negative symptoms (i.e. Avolition) only
Positive and Negative symptoms
True or False: Positive symptoms are symptoms that are present in schizophrenics but not in neurotypicals
True or False: Negative symptoms are behaviour that are found in both schizophrenic and non-schizophrenic individuals
Hallucinations are unreal perceptions of the surrounding environment. Select two other statements about hallucinations that are true.
They are influenced and sometimes centred around the individuals beliefs, for example a religious person may have religious centric hallucinations.
They are based on their environment.
They can be auditory and visual disturbances.
They are only visual disturbances.
They are only auditory disturbances.
Delusions are [blank_start]bizzar beliefs[blank_end] that seem real and logical to the schizophrenic. These often centre around [blank_start]paranoia[blank_end], for example they may believe that someone (often an organisation) is trying to kill them. Or they have an inflated sense of [blank_start]importance[blank_end] and [blank_start]power[blank_end], for example believing comments on the television are aimed specifically at them. Like the hallucinations delusions will fit in with the [blank_start]individuals beliefs[blank_end], for example if they believe in government conspiracies their delusions may be that the government is trying to kill them.
world around them
Disordered thinking is another [blank_start]positive[blank_end] symptom of Sz, the individual feels as though though have been [blank_start]removed and inserted[blank_end] into their mind. This often characterises itself in [blank_start]disordered speech[blank_end], of example they may suddenly change topics or their speech may be [blank_start]incoherent[blank_end].
removed and inserted
Examples of negative symptoms of Sz are..
Enlarged brain ventricles
Avolition is the inability to [blank_start]pursue or persist[blank_end] in any [blank_start]goal orientated behaviour[blank_end], sometimes mistaken for [blank_start]lack of interest[blank_end].
Flattening is a [blank_start]reduction[blank_end] in [blank_start]range and intensity[blank_end] of [blank_start]emotions[blank_end], characterised through [blank_start]facial expressions[blank_end], body language, [blank_start]vocal tone[blank_end] etc.