The English Civil War was between King Charles I and his Parliament, led by Sir Oliver Cromwell
The Civil War led to the native Irish staging a rebelling in Ulster against the Planters, some reports in Britain claimed that up to 100,000 protestants had been massacred by the Irish but what figure was closer to the truth?
In January [blank_start]1649[blank_end] King [blank_start]Charles[blank_end] was executed by [blank_start]Parliament[blank_end] and the English then turned their attention towards avenging the massacre in [blank_start]Ireland[blank_end]. [blank_start]Cromwell's[blank_end] army, known as the [blank_start]New Model Army[blank_end] arrived in August [blank_start]1649[blank_end] at [blank_start]Ringsend[blank_end]. They then marched to [blank_start]Drogheda[blank_end] and when the town refused to surrender they massacred the whole town.
New Model Army
Old Model Army
After the massacre at Drogheda what was the next town that Cromwell and his New Model Army Massacred?
The Cromwellian Plantation began with the Act of Settlement
With the Act of Settlement, those listed as having their land confiscated were ordered to go....
To Hell or Connaught
To Hell or Ulster
To Hell or Leinster
To Hell or Munster
Parliament then ordered...
30,000 Irish soldiers were to be deported.
Up to 50,000 widows and orphans were sold into slavery in the Caribbean.
Priests were executed.
Everybody was banned from wearing green
The [blank_start]Down[blank_end] [blank_start]Survey[blank_end] was carried out by Sir [blank_start]William[blank_end] [blank_start]Petty[blank_end] before any land could be resettled.
The Down Survey was called that because the results were written down
What were the main consequences of the Cromwellian Plantation?
The Old Irish and English were almost all wiped out.
A new social class, English speaking and Protestant, called the Protestant Ascendency controlled Ireland