Urinary System Long Qs Anatomy 2nd Year PMU

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Quiz by , created about 3 years ago

Urinary System Long Qs Anatomy 2nd Year PMU

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Created by Med Student about 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Each kidney has the following three coverings on its exterior: A. [blank_start]Fibrous Capsule[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Adipose Capsule[blank_end] C. [blank_start]Renal Fascia[blank_end]
Answer
  • Fibrous Capsule
  • Adipose Capsule
  • Renal Fascia

Question 2

Question
The parts of the kidney parenchyma are: A. [blank_start]Cortex[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Medulla[blank_end]
Answer
  • Cortex
  • Medulla

Question 3

Question
The glomerulus is a small tuft of capillaries containing two cell types. A. [blank_start]Endothelial[blank_end] Cells B. [blank_start]Mesangial[blank_end] Cells
Answer
  • Endothelial
  • Mesangial

Question 4

Question
The Bowman’s capsule has an outer parietal layer composed of [blank_start]simple squamous epithelium[blank_end] and visceral layer, composed of modified simple squamous epithelium, lined by [blank_start]podocytes[blank_end]
Answer
  • podocytes
  • simple squamous epithelium

Question 5

Question
The nephron is made of: A. [blank_start]Renal Corpuscle[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Proximal Convoluted Tubule[blank_end] C. [blank_start]Distal Convoluted Tubule[blank_end] D. [blank_start]Loop of Henle[blank_end] E. [blank_start]Collecting[blank_end] Tubule
Answer
  • Renal Corpuscle
  • Proximal Convoluted Tubule
  • Distal Convoluted Tubule
  • Loop of Henle
  • Collecting

Question 6

Question
The renal corpuscle filtration barrier is composed of: A. [blank_start]Endothelium[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Basal lamina[blank_end] C. [blank_start]Podocytes[blank_end]
Answer
  • Endothelium
  • Basal lamina
  • Podocytes

Question 7

Question
The basal lamina of renal corpuscle filtration barrier is composed of 3 layers: A. [blank_start]Lamina rara externa[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Lamina densa[blank_end] C. [blank_start]Lamina rara interna[blank_end]
Answer
  • Lamina rara externa
  • Lamina densa
  • Lamina rara interna

Question 8

Question
The epithelium of the ureter is [blank_start]transitional epithelium[blank_end]
Answer
  • transitional epithelium

Question 9

Question
The urinary bladder possesses the following parts: A. [blank_start]Apex[blank_end] B. [blank_start]Body[blank_end] C. [blank_start]Fundus[blank_end] D. [blank_start]Neck[blank_end]
Answer
  • Apex
  • Body
  • Fundus
  • Neck

Question 10

Question
Blood urinary Barrier (glomerulus and elements) Function: separates the [blank_start]blood[blank_end] in the [blank_start]glomerular[blank_end] capillaries from the [blank_start]filtrate[blank_end] in the [blank_start]capsular[blank_end] space Elements: perforated [blank_start]endothelium[blank_end] of the glomerular capillaries, [blank_start]3[blank_end] layered [blank_start]basal lamina[blank_end], pedicles of the [blank_start]podocytes[blank_end]
Answer
  • blood
  • glomerular
  • filtrate
  • capsular
  • endothelium
  • 3
  • basal lamina
  • podocytes