AQA GCSE Product Design Questions

T Andrews
Quiz by , created about 3 years ago

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Bella Statham
Created by Bella Statham over 4 years ago
T Andrews
Copied by T Andrews about 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Tick the word that DOESN'T describe the properties of a material.
Answer
  • Strength
  • Hardness
  • Plasticity
  • Brittleness
  • Durability
  • Anthropometric

Question 2

Question
What is meant by "brittle"?
Answer
  • the material is likely to bend and break
  • the material is sharp
  • the material is rough and dull

Question 3

Question
What is meant by "malleable"?
Answer
  • the material can be moulded
  • the material is plastic
  • the material will not bend

Question 4

Question
What is meant by "ductile"?
Answer
  • the material can be drawn into wires
  • the material makes a noise when you hit it
  • the material is naturally shiny

Question 5

Question
Which of the following products would NEED to be hard?
Answer
  • A file
  • A lunchbox
  • A children's toy

Question 6

Question
Which of the following products would NEED to be durable?
Answer
  • Cutlery
  • A bon bon sweet
  • Paper

Question 7

Question
Why does the size of a product affect the material you make it from? SELECT TWO
Answer
  • Because many materials are made in standard sizes
  • It could be too expensive for the consumer to buy if made from a certain material
  • Because some companies get measurements wrong

Question 8

Question
Select the correct description for Cartridge paper
Answer
  • high quality textured surface, which makes it good for sketching, ink and watercolours
  • translucent and is used to copy images
  • has an ergonomic shape

Question 9

Question
Select the correct description for Layout paper
Answer
  • strong, thin and translucent and is used for general design work
  • high quality textured surface which makes it good for sketching, inks and watercolours
  • the thickest paper you can buy

Question 10

Question
Select the correct description for Grid paper
Answer
  • has a square or isometric pattern printed onto it. Good for presentation drawings and orthographic (3D) drawings
  • translucent. good for initial sketches
  • high quality textured surface, great for sketching, inks and watercolours

Question 11

Question
What is primary packaging?
Answer
  • the packaging directly around the product
  • the packaging that is assembled first
  • the most durable part of the product

Question 12

Question
What is secondary packaging?
Answer
  • packaging that protects the product in transit
  • the second version of the packaging
  • the thinnest layer of packaging

Question 13

Question
Select the correct description of Solid White Board
Answer
  • high quality bleached surface which is ideal for printing
  • board made from 50% recycled materials
  • board below 200gsm

Question 14

Question
Select the correct description of Corrugated Board
Answer
  • has a fluted inner core sandwiched between two outer layers
  • a high quality bleached surface, ideal for printing
  • the only board that never contains recycled materials

Question 15

Question
Select the correct description of Duplex Board
Answer
  • a different colour and texture on each side - one is usually smooth and bleached for printing
  • fluted inner core sandwiched between two outer layers
  • board made from card

Question 16

Question
Describe lamination
Answer
  • adding a layer of another material
  • waterproofing a product
  • making a product's surface more shiny

Question 17

Question
What material may be laminated onto another for food cartons?
Answer
  • aluminium foil onto paper
  • acrylic onto board
  • aluminium foil onto another layer of aluminium

Question 18

Question
Why might an orange juice carton be made from paper and laminated with aluminium foil? SELECT TWO
Answer
  • To keep flavours in and air out
  • So you can print graphics onto the paper
  • Because aluminium foil is reflective and malleable
  • Because aluminium foil tastes better than paper

Question 19

Question
What is a composite?
Answer
  • A composite is made up of two or more materials
  • A composite is another word for an alloy
  • A composite is something that is biodegradable

Question 20

Question
Why might the inside of a paper cup be laminated with polythene?
Answer
  • To waterproof it
  • So you can print on it
  • To prevent the drink tasting of paper

Question 21

Question
Why are softwoods cheaper than hardwoods?
Answer
  • they grow very quickly
  • softwood trees produce more seeds
  • they grow in hot climates

Question 22

Question
Hardwoods are denser and harder than softwoods
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Which of the following is NOT a hardwood?
Answer
  • Beech
  • Mahogany
  • Scots pine

Question 24

Question
Which of the following is NOT a softwood? SELECT TWO
Answer
  • Ash
  • Spruce
  • Fir
  • Teak

Question 25

Question
What happens after a tree is cut down in a sustainably managed forest?
Answer
  • Other trees will be planted to replace it
  • All parts of the tree will be recycled
  • A wildlife reserve will be set up there

Question 26

Question
After the bark is removed, the tree is sawn (cut) up. Suggest how the way it is sawn affects the wood planks. SELECT TWO
Answer
  • It affects the appearance (the grain)
  • How much they're likely to bend or warp
  • How much they'll cost on the open market
  • Whether they'll be a hardwood or not

Question 27

Question
Wood is seasoned by drying it. This makes the wood stronger. Why might a plantation owner want the wood to be strong?
Answer
  • So that it is less likely to rot, bend or snap
  • To give it the appearance of a more expensive wood
  • To make it easier to stack for transit

Question 28

Question
Rough Sawn Wood isn't smoothed after it's cut. What affect does this have?
Answer
  • Makes it cheaper
  • Makes it have more "knots"
  • Makes it significantly harder to transport

Question 29

Question
Why might Rough Sawn Wood be used in construction work where it is not visible?
Answer
  • Because it is not as aesthetically pleasing as other types of woods
  • Because it is dangerous
  • Because it is easy to hammer nails into

Question 30

Question
Select all of the things wood can be finished with to protect it
Answer
  • Woodstain
  • Oil
  • Paint
  • Polyurethane varnish
  • Ethanol
  • Rubber
  • A metal casing

Question 31

Question
Emulsion paints are cheap, but they are water based. Why is this a disadvantage?
Answer
  • They don't protect wood from water
  • They don't look as nice as oil based paints
  • It damages the environment

Question 32

Question
Woodstains don't offer much protection. What could be applied over the top of the stain to protect the wood?
Answer
  • Varnish
  • Aluminium foil (laminated)
  • Duplex board
  • Emulsion paint

Question 33

Question
Why might a large, hardwood dining table be finished with a clear varnish rather than paint?
Answer
  • To preserve and display the natural grain of the wood
  • It's cheaper
  • It looks more expensive

Question 34

Question
What is a veneer?
Answer
  • A thin layer of good quality wood
  • A type of varnish
  • The type of wood used for skirting boards and beams

Question 35

Question
Why might plywood be finished with a veneer? Select the WRONG answers
Answer
  • To make it more aesthetically pleasing (as plywood looks cheap and doesn't have nice natural grain)
  • To add strength
  • To make it cheaper
  • To make the wood more malleable

Question 36

Question
Plywood is a cheap alternative to Hardboard
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Plywood is very strong for its weight compared to wood
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Which of the following is the strongest?
Answer
  • Plywood
  • Blockboard
  • Chipboard
  • MDF
  • Hardboard

Question 39

Question
Why might you seal a board first before painting it?
Answer
  • Otherwise the cut edges will soak up too much paint so that they need several coats
  • To waterproof it
  • To make the paint shinier

Question 40

Question
You can't finish a board with a hardwood veneer the same as timber
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
Why is plywood good for curved furniture?
Answer
  • It can be bent
  • It is ductile
  • It is durable
  • It has is coated with a smart alloy

Question 42

Question
Plywood is used for...
Answer
  • Building and general construction
  • Tabletops
  • Pianos
  • Alto saxophone cases

Question 43

Question
Hardboard is used for...
Answer
  • Clipboards
  • Bedframes
  • Building and general construction

Question 44

Question
MDF Board is used for...
Answer
  • Shelves and furniture
  • Building and general construction
  • Clipboards

Question 45

Question
Chipboard is used for...
Answer
  • Tabletops and cheap furniture
  • Building and general construction
  • Only shelves

Question 46

Question
What does it mean if a metal is ferrous?
Answer
  • It contains iron
  • It is an alloy that conducts electricity
  • It rusts easily
  • It is brittle

Question 47

Question
Copper is harder than brass as it is more pure
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
What is an alloy?
Answer
  • A mixture of two or more elements - one of which is a metal
  • Another word for a veneer
  • A metal that is a good conductor of electricity

Question 49

Question
When a metal is extracted from the earth, it is not pure. What is it?
Answer
  • A metal ore
  • An alloy
  • A veneer

Question 50

Question
Why are metals refined?
Answer
  • To get rid of impurities
  • To make them more ductile
  • To make them conduct electricity better
  • To make them more aesthetically pleasing

Question 51

Question
Select all of the non-ferrous metals
Answer
  • Cast iron
  • Stainless steel
  • Silver
  • Brass
  • Pewter
  • Aluminium
  • Mild steel
  • Iron

Question 52

Question
Describe the process of casting a metal
Answer
  • Pouring the metal into a mould and waiting for it to cool
  • Hitting it repeatedly at high temperatures
  • Pulling the metal into wires

Question 53

Question
Heat treatments soften or toughen metals
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
What are the effects of annealing a metal?
Answer
  • It is left to cool slowly. This makes it softer, more ductile and less brittle
  • It is rapidly cooled. This makes it softer, less ductile and less brittle
  • It is combined with at least two other metals, changing its properties

Question 55

Question
How is a metal hardened?
Answer
  • Heating and rapidly cooling a metal makes it harder
  • Slowly heating a metal and letting it bubble makes it harder
  • Cutting a metal into thin shavings and compressing them makes it harder

Question 56

Question
Select all of the ways a metal can be coated for protection
Answer
  • Painting
  • Plastic Coating
  • Plating
  • Lacquering
  • Splicing
  • Annealing
  • Tempering

Question 57

Question
Describe the effects of tempering a metal
Answer
  • Makes it tougher and less likely to break
  • Gives it elastic properties
  • Gives it a higher melting point

Question 58

Question
I want to make a metal harder, stronger more durable. Select two processes that could achieve this.
Answer
  • Annealing
  • Tempering
  • Hardening
  • Painting
  • Ferrousation

Question 59

Question
Tarnishing and oxidising give a metal a shiny, lustrous finish
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 60

Question
Name the process used to plate metals
Answer
  • Electrolysis
  • Annealing
  • Tempering
  • Lamination

Question 61

Question
Select the following properties that make a metal appropriate for outdoor use.
Answer
  • Durable
  • Hard
  • Won't rust
  • Corrosion resistant
  • Malleable
  • Ductile
  • Veneer
  • Ferrous

Question 62

Question
Thermoplastics cannot be recycled
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 63

Question
Select three examples of Thermoplastics
Answer
  • Acrylic
  • Polystyrene (Styrofoam)
  • Acetate
  • Mahogany
  • Urea Formaldehyde
  • Glass Reinforced Plastic
  • Ferrous
  • Aluminium

Question 64

Question
Why is acrylic good for making signs?
Answer
  • It's water resistant
  • It comes in a variety of colours
  • It can't be melted or bent
  • it is cheap
  • It's made of several different carbon chains

Question 65

Question
I want to make a vinyl record. Suggest a plastic I could use.
Answer
  • PVC
  • Styrofoam
  • Epoxy resin

Question 66

Question
Barbie wants their dolls to be vacuum formed in the packaging. Suggest a plastic they could use
Answer
  • High impact polystyrene
  • Styrofoam
  • PVC
  • Acrylic

Question 67

Question
I want a see through, flexible material for some packaging. Which plastic would you suggest I use?
Answer
  • Acetate
  • Acrylic
  • Styrofoam
  • PVC

Question 68

Question
Why is Urea Formaldehyde used for plug sockets?
Answer
  • Good electrical insulator
  • Isn't reflective
  • Doesn't come in a range of colours
  • Cheap

Question 69

Question
Melamine Formaldehyde is strong and scratch-proof. Tick the appropriate things that it could be used for
Answer
  • To laminate chipboard
  • For plates and bowls
  • For vacuum forming
  • To insulate packaging

Question 70

Question
Polyesters (such as PET) are used for seethrough chilled drinks bottles. Which of the following properties make it good for this?
Answer
  • Light
  • Strong
  • Has a high melting point
  • Rigid
  • Good electrical insulator

Question 71

Question
Plastics are made from Crude Oil. Crude Oil is a renewable natural resource which is why plastics are so cheap
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 72

Question
Give examples of standard forms of plastics
Answer
  • Films and rolls
  • Foam
  • Sheets
  • Rods
  • Tubes
  • Granules

Question 73

Question
Why can't you recycle Urea Formaldehyde, a thermosetting plastic?
Answer
  • Because it isn't cost effective
  • Once you've moulded them, they can't be melted or reshaped again
  • It is not weather resistant
  • It is a good electrical insulator

Question 74

Question
What is used to make ceramic products?
Answer
  • Clay
  • Crude Oil
  • Veneer
  • Wood chips
  • High impact polystyrene

Question 75

Question
How could you make a ceramic water-tight?
Answer
  • Glazing
  • Annealing
  • Tempering
  • Hardening
  • Electroplating

Question 76

Question
How do you harden clay?
Answer
  • Heating them to high temperatures
  • Freezing them
  • Mixing with another element (e.g aluminium oxide)

Question 77

Question
What is the name of this symbol?
Answer
  • British Standards Kitemark
  • WEEE Symbol
  • Sacred Heart
  • Registered Electrical Insulator Tag

Question 78

Question
What does this symbol mean?
Answer
  • It has been independently tested and conforms to the British Standards and is therefore safe and reliable
  • The product is an electrical insulator and so will not electrocute the user
  • The product can be recycled
  • The product is vegan and did not harm any animals in the manufacturing process

Question 79

Question
What is the meaning of this symbol?
Answer
  • The product has been independently tested by the BSI and is in accordance with the British Standards, meaning it is safe and reliable
  • The product meets all of the requirements of European Legislation
  • The product is patented, but only in Europe
  • The product does not have exposed electrical elements

Question 80

Question
What is the name of this symbol?
Answer
  • Registered Trade Mark
  • Trade Mark
  • Copyright
  • WEEE Symbol
  • British Standards Kitemark

Question 81

Question
What is the difference between this symbol and ™?
Answer
  • ™ can be used by anyone, whereas ® can only be used if the product, symbol or name has been registered with a national trademark office
  • ® can be used by anyone, whereas ™ can only be used if the product, symbol or name has been registered with a national trademark office
  • There is no difference
  • ® can only be used for physical objects, not names or symbols

Question 82

Question
All fixings are permanent
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 83

Question
I want to stick things together quickly. Which fixing should I use?
Answer
  • Double sided sticky pads
  • Snap rivets
  • Ratchet rivets

Question 84

Question
I want to use a fixing to fasten a coat. Select the 2 fixings that would be appropriate for this use
Answer
  • Press stud fastenings
  • Magnets
  • Velcro pads
  • Prong paper fasteners
  • Treasury tags
  • Staples
  • Drawing pins
  • Hooks

Question 85

Question
What is the advantage of saddle stitching a book over spiral or comb binding a book?
Answer
  • You can open the book flat
  • It uses metal instead of plastic
  • Most books are made from saddlestitching
  • It's harder to tear the book apart

Question 86

Question
What is the DISadvantage of saddle stitching a book over spiral or comb binding a book?
Answer
  • Saddle stitched books can't hold many pages
  • Saddle stitching uses metal rather than plastic
  • Iron is ferrous
  • You can't lie the book flat

Question 87

Question
Select the advantages of using perfect binding over thread-sewing (for a book)
Answer
  • You can bind lots of sheets
  • It's more expensive
  • It's a hardback
  • It's water resistant
  • It's less expensive

Question 88

Question
Select the DISadvantages of using perfect binding over thread-sewing (for a book)
Answer
  • The pages are more likely to come loose
  • You can't lie the book flat
  • Perfect binding requires qualified experts whereas thread-sewing doesn't
  • Perfect binding is less recyclable than thread-sewing

Question 89

Question
Select three types of permanent fixing
Answer
  • Double sided sticky pads
  • Ratchet rivets
  • Snap rivets
  • Velcro
  • Press stud fastenings
  • Prong paper fasteners
  • Treasury tags

Question 90

Question
Standard components are pre-manufactured parts
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 91

Question
Why are standard components mass produced?
Answer
  • So they are available at a low cost to manufacturers
  • To increase manufacture time
  • To make sure the components can be widely recycled

Question 92

Question
Select the ways that standard components make manufacturing less expensive
Answer
  • Saves time - makes it more efficient
  • Specialist machinery isn't needed
  • CAD/CAM machines do not recognise standard components
  • Standard components do not rust

Question 93

Question
Give three standard components used in the textile industry
Answer
  • Zips
  • Threads
  • Buttons
  • Cake decorations (e.g sugar sprinkles)
  • Gears
  • Stock cubes

Question 94

Question
Knock down fittings are wood or card fittings that enable furniture to be assembled and taken apart again easily
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 95

Question
Knock down fittings are convenient because...(SELECT THREE)
Answer
  • They are very fast to use
  • They can be assembled using screwdrivers and/or allen keys
  • You don't need to have much expertise to use them
  • They're made of metal
  • They can't be used for fabrics
  • They don't stain

Question 96

Question
Smart materials react to their environment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 97

Question
Why might a supermarket use cornstarch polymers for their shopping bags instead of polyethylene?
Answer
  • Cornstarch polymers are biodegradable
  • Cornstarch polymers are less sustainable
  • They aren't flexible
  • They're clear

Question 98

Question
What do thermochromic materials do?
Answer
  • Change colour with heat
  • Change shape with heat
  • Are heat resistant
  • Shrivel when cold
  • Change colour when chloride + heat are applied

Question 99

Question
Give one use of thermochromic materials
Answer
  • Warning patches
  • General construction and building
  • Packaging

Question 100

Question
What do quantum tunnelling composites do?
Answer
  • A polymer that is normally an electrical insulator that conducts electricity when squashed
  • Change colour with heat
  • Create a vacuum when electricity is applied
  • Change texture with heat

Question 101

Question
Give examples of integrated electronics
Answer
  • MP3 player built into a jacket
  • sensors on clothes that monitor heart rate
  • Using a nylon and cotton weave in a jacket
  • Perfect binding
  • Veneer

Question 102

Question
I want to make a jacket with a built-in MP3 player. Suggest a material I could use for the switch
Answer
  • Quantum tunnelling composite
  • Thermochromic materials
  • Shape memory alloy
  • Cornstarch polymer
  • Precious metal clay

Question 103

Question
What would be the advantage of using [the material you selected in Q102] for a jacket?
Answer
  • Machine washable so can be permanently attached to the product
  • Efficient
  • It's a polymer so won't rust
  • Veneer-proof
  • Composites are stronger than alloys