Study Guide: Cell Structure

Alexandra Bozan
Quiz by Alexandra Bozan, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexandra Bozan
Created by Alexandra Bozan almost 4 years ago
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Study Guide: Cell Structure

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which of the following is not a main cellular structure?
Answer
  • plasma membrane
  • interstitial fluid
  • cytoplasm (including organelles)
  • nucleus

Question 2

Question
All of the following are examples of the plasma membrane function except:
Answer
  • boundary of cell
  • self-identification
  • receptor sites
  • "power plants" of cell

Question 3

Question
Production of ATP occurs within which organelle?
Answer
  • smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • lysosomes
  • mitochondria

Question 4

Question
Preparation of protein molecules for cellular exportation is the function of which of the following organelles?
Answer
  • Golgi apparatus
  • microvilli
  • peroxisomes
  • mitochondria

Question 5

Question
In nondividing cells DNA appears as threads that are referred to as
Answer
  • chromatin
  • nucleoplasm
  • nucleolus
  • none of the above

Question 6

Question
The nucleolus is composed chiefly of
Answer
  • DNA
  • rRNA
  • tRNA
  • none of the above

Question 7

Question
The process by which cells translate the signal received by a membrane receptor into a specific chemical change in the cell is called signal transportation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Each and every cell has one nucleus.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Generally, the more active a cell is, the more mitochondria it will contain.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Membranous bags that temporarily contain molecules for transport or later use are known as peroxisomes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
[blank_start]Nucleolus[blank_end]: forms ribosomes [blank_start]Plasma membrane[blank_end]: separates the cell from its environment [blank_start]Lysosome[blank_end]: acts as the cell's "digestive system" [blank_start]Ribosome[blank_end]: acts as a "protein factory" [blank_start]Cytoplasm[blank_end]: contains organelle [blank_start]Nucleus[blank_end]: contains DNA [blank_start]Mitochondria[blank_end]: act as "power plants" of the cell [blank_start]Endoplasmic reticulum[blank_end]: classified as both smooth and rough
Answer
  • Nucleolus
  • Plasma membrane
  • Lysosome
  • Ribosome
  • Cytoplasm
  • Nucleus
  • Mitochondria
  • Endoplasmic reticulum

Question 12

Question
[blank_start]Cytoskeleton[blank_end] is the cell's internal supporting framework.
Answer
  • Cytoskeleton

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]Microfilament[blank_end] are the smallest cell fibers.
Answer
  • Microfilament

Question 14

Question
The thickest of the cell fibers are tiny, hollow tubes called [blank_start]microtubules[blank_end].
Answer
  • microtubules

Question 15

Question
The [blank_start]centrosome[blank_end] is an area of they cytoplasm near the nucleus that coordinates the building and breaking of microtubules in the cell.
Answer
  • centrosome

Question 16

Question
[blank_start]Microvilli[blank_end], [blank_start]cilia[blank_end], and [blank_start]flagella[blank_end] are cell extensions that appear on certain types of cells.
Answer
  • Microvilli
  • cilia
  • flagella

Question 17

Question
When membrane channels of adjacent plasma membranes connect to others, the formation is known as [blank_start]gap[blank_end] [blank_start]junctions[blank_end].
Answer
  • gap
  • junctions

Question 18

Question
[blank_start]Desmososomes[blank_end] hold skin together.
Answer
  • Desmososomes

Question 19

Question
Which of the following cellular extensions are required when absorption is important?
Answer
  • cilia
  • microvilli
  • flagella
  • none of the above

Question 20

Question
Movement of the ovum within the female reproductive tract is largely as a result of
Answer
  • the flagella extending from the ovum
  • the cilia extending from the ovum
  • the cilia lining the uterine tubes
  • none of the above

Question 21

Question
Skin cells are held tightly together by
Answer
  • gap junctions
  • desmososomes
  • tight junctions
  • adhesions

Question 22

Question
Ribosomes are attached to
Answer
  • lysosomes
  • rough endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisomes
  • cilia

Question 23

Question
The phospholipid area of the plasma membrane of a cell is
Answer
  • single layered
  • bilayered
  • trilayered
  • multilayered

Question 24

Question
[blank_start]Nerve cells[blank_end]: detect changes in the environment [blank_start]Muscle cells[blank_end]: contract for movement [blank_start]Red blood cells[blank_end]: transport oxygen [blank_start]Gland cells[blank_end]: release hormones [blank_start]Immune cells[blank_end]: destroy bacteria
Answer
  • Nerve cells
  • Muscle cells
  • Red blood cells
  • Gland cells
  • Immune cells

Question 25

Question
A typical, or [blank_start]composite[blank_end] cell exhibits the most important characteristics of cell types.
Answer
  • composite

Question 26

Question
[blank_start]Hydrophilic[blank_end] is the term meaning "water-loving"
Answer
  • Hydrophilic

Question 27

Question
[blank_start]Signal[blank_end] [blank_start]transduction[blank_end] is the process that allows a message to be carried across a membrane.
Answer
  • Signal
  • transduction

Question 28

Question
[blank_start]Peroxisome[blank_end] detoxify harmful substances that enter cells.
Answer
  • Peroxisomes

Question 29

Question
The [blank_start]nucleus[blank_end] is one of the largest cell structures and occupies the central portion of the cell.
Answer
  • nucleus

Question 30

Question
Embedded within the phospholipid bilayer of the cell membrane are a variety of [blank_start]integral[blank_end] [blank_start]membrane[blank_end] [blank_start]protein[blank_end].
Answer
  • integral
  • membrane
  • protein

Question 31

Question
Peroxisomes are small membranous sacs containing enzymes that detoxify harmful substances that enter the cells.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Dynein, myosin, and kinesin are examples of proteases.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Microfilaments serve as "cellular muscles".
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
All cells contain thousands of ribosomes.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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