Psychodynamic approach

kikileah97
Quiz by kikileah97, updated more than 1 year ago
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psychology, business studies, english combined, media studies psychology Quiz on Psychodynamic approach, created by kikileah97 on 04/14/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the first assumption of the psychodynamic approach?
Answer
  • Behaviour is shaped by genes
  • Behaviour is shaped by the unconscious mind
  • Behaviour is learnt through reinforcement

Question 2

Question
What is behaviour shaped by in the second assumption of the psychodynamic approach?
Answer
  • Positive and negative reinforcement
  • levels of brain chemicals
  • childhood experiences and early relationships

Question 3

Question
What are the three stages of Freud's personality theory?
Answer
  • ANAL, PHALLIC, LATENT
  • SUPEREGO, EGO, ID
  • OEDIPUS, ELECTRA, ORAL

Question 4

Question
What would the later behaviour of a child fixated in the anal stage be like?
Answer
  • Obsessively tidy in later life
  • Sexually obsessed personality
  • lack of morals

Question 5

Question
What does the SUPEREGO shape?
Answer
  • The seeking of pleasure
  • Defence mechanisms
  • morals and personality

Question 6

Question
What may happen if defence mechanisms get out of hand, according to Freud's theory of personality?
Answer
  • Aggressive personality may develop
  • More likely to become ill
  • Person becomes extremely happy

Question 7

Question
Personality is shaped by...
Answer
  • how much positive reinforcement a child recieves
  • how well the brain can process inputs and outputs
  • how effectively the ego balances the conflicting demands of the id and superego

Question 8

Question
a smooth passage through the stages will lead to...
Answer
  • a child fixated in the phallic stage
  • a stable and balanced personality
  • a impulsive behaviour

Question 9

Question
What is abnormal behaviour due to?
Answer
  • overuse of repression, by the ego, as a defence mechanism
  • underuse of repression, causing unrealistic wishes and fears
  • unbalance of brain chemicals

Question 10

Question
What does dream analysis aim to do?
Answer
  • make abnormal behaviour normal by making wishes and dreams unconscious
  • make abnormal behaviour normal by unlearning faulty learning, such as phobia, and replacing it with appropriate learning
  • make abnormal behaviour normal by making repressed wishes and fears conscious so they can be resolved

Question 11

Question
what are the two layers of a patient's dream the therapist must draw out?
Answer
  • manifest and oedipus
  • oedipus and latent
  • manifest and latent

Question 12

Question
what does 'dream-work' consist of?
Answer
  • transforming forbidden wishes into a non-threatening form
  • the patient sleeping whilst the therapist watches and analyses their sleeping pattern
  • the client creating a list of all their past experiences and fears

Question 13

Question
In dream analysis what must the therapist not do?
Answer
  • force an interpretation on a client
  • create negative feelings within the patients dreams
  • cause an unnatural sleeping pattern for the client

Question 14

Question
what is catharsis?
Answer
  • unconscious wishes and fears
  • negative attitudes towards past experiences
  • emotional release

Question 15

Question
what is the success rate of psychoanalysis according to Bergin?
Answer
  • 75%
  • 89%
  • 83%
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