Behaviourist Approach Quiz

Maggiex
Quiz by , created over 5 years ago

Psychology Quiz on Behaviourist Approach Quiz, created by Maggiex on 05/08/2014.

390
2
0
Tags No tags specified
Maggiex
Created by Maggiex over 5 years ago
History of Psychology
mia.rigby
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Spanish Subjunctive
MrAbels
CHARACTERS IN OF MICE AND MEN
jessicasusanevans
AS: Approaches - Biopsychology
Jubby
The Approaches
Emma Chell
Approaches Quiz- Psychology (A2)
Grace Fawcitt
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
showmestarlight

Question 1

Question
Name one assumption of the Behaviourist Approach
Answer
  • Behaviour is influenced by the three parts of the mind (i.e tripartite personality)
  • Behaviour can be explained by mental processes
  • Behaviour can be explained in terms of Operant Conditioning

Question 2

Question
Name another assumption of the Behaviourist Approach
Answer
  • Behaviour can be explained in terms of the social learning theory
  • Behaviour is influenced by early childhood experiences

Question 3

Question
Albert Bandura believed that aggression could not be explained using what theory?
Answer
  • Modern learning theory
  • Traditional learning theory

Question 4

Question
Children primarily learn their aggressive responses through ______________
Answer
  • Reinforcement
  • Observation
  • Association

Question 5

Question
What did Skinners Operant conditioning claim?
Answer
  • Children learn behaviour by just observing role models with whom they identify
  • Learning takes place through direct reinforcement

Question 6

Question
What is called when children learn about consequences of aggressive behaviour by watching others being reinforced or punished?
Answer
  • Indirect or vicarious reinforcement
  • Positive reinforcement

Question 7

Question
In order for social learning to take place, what must first occur?
Answer
  • Punishment
  • Mental representations
  • Observational Learning

Question 8

Question
What must be represented in term of expectancies of near future?
Answer
  • Possible rewards and punishment
  • Consequences of aggressive behaviour

Question 9

Question
What was the classic study done by Bandura et al (1961)?
Answer
  • GoGo doll study
  • Barbie doll study
  • BOBO doll study

Question 10

Question
How old were the children that were involved in the study?
Answer
  • 3-7 yrs
  • 3 1/2 - 6 yrs
  • 3-6 yrs

Question 11

Question
The results from Bandura's study were evidence of what?
Answer
  • Observational Learning and imitation of role models
  • Observational Learning and imitation of children
  • Observational Learning and imitation of aggressive behaviour

Question 12

Question
What is systematic desensitisation?
Answer
  • Therapy used to treat Psychotic disorders
  • Therapy used to treat phobic disoders

Question 13

Question
What is Systematic desenstitisation's link to the behaviourist assumption?
Answer
  • Mentally disordered behaviour is caused by the unconscious mind and wishes
  • Key influence on behaviour is how an individuals thinks about a situation
  • Mentally disordered behaviour is learned, like any other behaviour
  • Mentally disordered behaviour has a physical, biological cause such as an imbalance to neurotrasmitters

Question 14

Question
What is the aim of Systematic Desensitisation?
Answer
  • To learn a new stimulus response association through classical conditioning in order that an undesirable behaviour is suppressed.
  • To identify and challenge maladaptive thoughts and replace them with constructive, positive thinking that will lead to healthy behaviour

Question 15

Question
What is the first stage of desensitisation hierarchy?
Answer
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation

Question 16

Question
What is the first stage of desensitisation hierarchy?
Answer
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation

Question 17

Question
What is the second stage of the hierarchy?
Answer
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition

Question 18

Question
What is the third stage of the Desensitisation hierarchy?
Answer
  • Patient gradually works through the desensitisation hierarchy, each time visualising an anxiety provoking scene and at the same time practising relaxation
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking

Question 19

Question
What is the fourth stage of the Desensitisation hierarchy ?
Answer
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation

Question 20

Question
What is the fourth stage of the Desensitisation hierarchy ?
Answer
  • Therapist and patient construct a desensitisation hierarchy which is a series of imagined scenes ranging from least to the most anxiety provoking
  • Patient is taught some relaxation techniques . Relaxation inhibits anxiety and this is called reciprocal inhibition
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation

Question 21

Question
What is the fifth and final stage of Desensitisation hierarchy?
Answer
  • Patient moves up the hierarchy, at each step mastering total relaxation
  • Patient eventually masters the most anxiety provoking scene and thus overcomes their phobia

Question 22

Question
Systematic Desensitisation is an example of what?
Answer
  • Modelling
  • Counterconditioning

Question 23

Question
What happens in Vitro or Covert Sensitisation?
Answer
  • Patient watches someone else dealing with feared object and practices relaxation
  • The feared object is imagined using pictures or thought
  • No hierarchy is developed, the patient is simply presented with their feared object

Question 24

Question
What happens in Vivo desensitisation?
Answer
  • Fears are directly confronted
  • Feared object is imagined using pictures or thought
  • No therapist is required

Question 25

Question
What happens in Modelling?
Answer
  • No hierarchy is developed, the patient is simply presented with their feared stimulus
  • Patient watches someone else dealing with feared object and practices relaxation

Question 26

Question
What happens in Self-administered ?
Answer
  • No therapist is required
  • Fears are directly confronted
  • The feared object is imagined using pictures or thought

Question 27

Question
What happens in flooding?
Answer
  • Fears are directly confronted
  • Patient watches someone else dealing with the feared object and practices relaxation
  • No hierarchy is developed, the patient is simply presented with their feared stimulus

Question 28

Question
Name a strength of the behaviourist approach
Answer
  • Determinist
  • Scientific approach

Question 29

Question
Name one weakness of the behaviourist approach
Answer
  • Determinist
  • Focus on hear and now

Question 30

Question
Name one method used by the behaviourist approach
Answer
  • Case studies
  • Use of animals in research
  • Clinical interviews

Question 31

Question
Name another method used by the behaviourist approach
Answer
  • Lab experiments
  • Twin studies

Question 32

Question
Name a strength of using lab experiments to study behaviour
Answer
  • Best way to study casual relationships because extraneous variables can be carefully controlled
  • A true insight into behaviour can be obtained

Question 33

Question
Name a strength of using lab experiments to study behaviour
Answer
  • Best way to study casual relationships because extraneous variables can be carefully controlled
  • A true insight into behaviour can be obtained

Question 34

Question
Name a strength of using lab experiments to study behaviour
Answer
  • Best way to study casual relationships because extraneous variables can be carefully controlled
  • A true insight into behaviour can be obtained