Digestive system

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Primero Ciencias Naturales Flashcards on Digestive system, created by Beatriz Cánovas on 03/12/2020.
Beatriz Cánovas
Flashcards by Beatriz Cánovas, updated more than 1 year ago
Beatriz Cánovas
Created by Beatriz Cánovas about 4 years ago
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It is where digestion starts. It contains the teeth and the tongue. Mouth
They are in the mouth and cut and crush the food to make it smaller. Teeth
It is in the mouth and mixes the food with saliva. Tongue
They produce saliva. Salivary glands
It connects the mouth to the esophagus. Pharynx
It is a long and flexible tube that contracts and relaxes to get food from the pharynx to the stomach. Esophagus
It is a bag-shaped organ that produces gastric juices to break down food into nutrients. Stomach
It is a long, thin tube that produces intestinal juices. It is where the absorption of nutrients takes place. Small intestine
They are the three parts in the small intestine. Duodenum, illeum and jejunum
It is a thick tube that absorbs water and produces feces with waste substances. Large intestine
They are the tree parts in the large intestine. Colon, rectum and anus
It is a gland that produces bile. Liver
It stores the bile. Gall bladder
It produces pancreatic juice. Pancreas
It is a soft ball formed when food is mixed with saliva in the mouth. Bolus
It is a thick paste formed when the bolus is mixed with gastric juices in the stomach. Chyme
It is a thin paste formed when the chyme is mixed with pancreatic juice, intestinal juice and bile in the small intestine. Chyle
They are waste substances remaining after digestion and absorption. They are expelled through the anus. Feces
It is a process by which the food is broken down into nutrients. Digestion
It is a process by which the nutrients go pass from the digestive system into the blood. Absorption
It is a process by which waste substances are expelled from the body. Elimination
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