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Summary of Definitions/Key Terms for the PMP Exam


Here's a summary of the top definitions and key terms which appear in the PMP exam. Use this Flashcard deck for a quick memory buzz before your exam.
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Summary of Key Terms for the PMP Exam
Product Life Cycle A project life cycle is a collection of generally sequential and sometimes overlapping project phases whose name and number are determined by the management and control needs of the organization or organizations involved in the project, the nature of the project itself, and its area of application.
Influence Diagrams These are graphical representations of situations showing causal influences, time ordering of events, and other relationships among variables and outcomes.
Milestone Milestone is a significant point or event in the project. Since milestones only indicate when a particular task is going to be started or completed, they will not have any duration, i.e., the duration for milestone is zero.
Organizational Theory Organizational theory provides information regarding the way in which people, teams, and organizational units behave. Effective use of this information can shorten the amount of time, cost, and effort needed to create the human resource planning outputs and improve the likelihood that the planning will be effective.
SMART Goals The performance goals should be SMART – Specific, Measurable, Achievable/Attainable, Relevant and Timely.
Delphi Technique Gathering input separately from multiple experts, then compiling it and resending it for review to the same experts. This allows for objective submission and review of ideas.
Watchlist Non-critical risks documented during qualitative risk analysis for later review (during monitoring and controlling).
Issue Log Risks that have been realized are documented here and provide a recourse to stakeholders when they cannot be handled immediately.
SWOT Analysis Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats analysis of project.
Pareto Chart Histogram (bar chart) organized by results to prioritize most critical to help identify root cause.
Fast Tracking Doing critical paths in parallel that were originally sequenced.
Change Control System Standardized processes, tools and OPAs like forms and software to track project changes.
Preventative Action Address predicted, potential variance from PMP performance baselines.
Benefit Measurement A comparative approach to project selection. Methods includes murder board, peer review, scoring models, and economic models.
Marginal Analysis Determines when the benefit of quality improvements equal expenses incurred to make them, after which the return is not worthwhile.
Conformance Analysis Tracking how close to the baseline ( e.g. to product requirements) the project is.
Design of Experiments Statistical experimentation that simultaneously changes all important variables for a faster, more accurate identification of the most critical.
Nominal Group Technique A group’s ranking of ideas, usually those generated in same brainstorming meeting.
Specification Limit Area on a control chart composed of that indicates the customer’s requirements.
Attribute The measurement of the variable.
Paralingual Voice characteristics like pitch and tone.
Work Around Real-time contingency response to an issue, used in monitoring and controlling. Also referred to as ‘winging it’.
Conflict Resolution Techniques In order of preference: confronting/problem solving, compromising, withdrawal, smoothing, collaborating, and forcing.
Change Process steps Evaluate the impact, create options, get internal approval, and get customer buy-in.
Focus Group A specific group of expertise discuss product ideas via a moderator.
Product Analysis Work may be needed during collect requirements to define the product being requested.
Schedule Baseline The schedule baseline is the agreed upon schedule for the project. It’s created via iterations during planning and part of the PMP.
Management Reserves The project funding allotment minus (what is budgeted) and the cost baseline (what is needed). Accounts for unforeseen expenses.
Special Provisions Contract changes to address a particular project’s risks, requirements, legal, or other issues.
Constructive Changes Things a buyer does that interfere with the seller’s ability to meet the contractual obligations. At that point the seller may file a claim.
Standard Deviation The amount of range, sigma or exactitude in an estimate.
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