Social Facilitation

Adam O'Rourke
Flashcards by Adam O'Rourke, updated more than 1 year ago
Adam O'Rourke
Created by Adam O'Rourke about 8 years ago


A-Levels Psychology (PSYB2 - Social Influence) Flashcards on Social Facilitation, created by Adam O'Rourke on 05/24/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Drive Theory The presence of others raises arousal level. Medium is the optimum level Difficult task also raises arousal
Evaluation Apprehension Bartis Worringham and Messick - Male joggers with women present, even if they have their backs turned Henchy and Glass - Typists MacCracken and Stadulis - No effect on children under 8, its something we develop with age/awareness
Bartis Asked to think of uses for a knife or think of creative uses for a knife. Some told they would be evaluated individually other told they are evaluated as a group. Best performance was normal uses and individual evaluation Worst performance was creative uses and individual evaluation
Schmidt (Challenges Evaluation Apprehension) Arousal was raised even when the audience wore blindfolds
Distraction Conflict Theory The presence of others creates a distraction which heightens arousal
Saunders Study the effect of distraction conflict. Participants did either a simple or hard task with/out a co-actor. Participants with co-actors did better on the easy task and worse on the hard task
Triplett Reeling in fishing lines with co-actors. Performance was enhanced buy presence of co-actors
Travis Found that audience facilitates performance
Pessin Learning non-sense syllables with/out an audience Found the learning is inhibited by an audience then a few days later, when asked to recall the words again, audience facilitated performance
Allport Concluded that easy tasks are done better with an audience, difficult ones are better alone
Schmidt Supports Allport Typing name normally or backwards
Zajonc Zajonc put forward the idea that an audience facilitates the dominant response 'an audience impairs the acquisition of new responses and facilitates the emission of well learned responses'
Michaels Good and bad pool players, the good ones were better with an audience the bad ones were worse with the audience
Show full summary Hide full summary


History of Psychology
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
Cognitive Psychology - Capacity and encoding
Chapter 5: Short-term and Working Memory
Psychology and the MCAT
Sarah Egan