LING 2371 Final Exam (Features)

Description

Dialect/Language features identification
Gia  Phan
Flashcards by Gia Phan, updated more than 1 year ago
Gia  Phan
Created by Gia Phan over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Question Answer
SVO word order subject-verb-object Ex: English, Native American Languages (also SOV, flexible), Hawaiian Creole
VSO word order verb-subject-object Ex: Hawaiian language
Variable use of wan/a Hawaiian Creole Ex: "I go see wan movies" instead of "I went to see a movie."
Absence of copula Hawaiian Creole Gullah Ex: "George different" instead of "George is different." or "He rude" instead of "He is rude."
/t/ pronounced as /ch/ before /r/ Ex
/th/ pronounced as /t/ or /d/ Hawaiian Creole
/ee/ and /um/ 3rd person pronouns Gullah Ex: "ee" instead of "he" or "she" "Ee must-a hide in them-wood or something" (he)
Deletion of word-initial syllable Gullah Ex: "Geda" instead of "together" or "Ciple" instead of "disciple"
Morpheme Word bit Ex: Cats (2 morphemes) - Cat:1 + -s:1 = 2
Hedges Women do use more hedges than men but it's to: - Signal sensitivity to feelings - Get another speaker's attention - Uncertainty/certainty - Women use 'you know' to express confidence more than men
Vocal fry "Creaky voice" - Stereotypes: less attractive, less competent, less educated, less trustworthy Ex: Danish, Vietnamese, Burmese, Hmong
Uptalk Rising intonation at end of a phrase/sentence - No conclusive evidence that women use it more than men - Could serve as "floor-holding" purpose - Stereotypes: uncertainty/insecurity, shallowness, lack of intelligence
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