Behavioural Explanation  for Phobias

Adam O'Rourke
Flashcards by Adam O'Rourke, updated more than 1 year ago
Adam O'Rourke
Created by Adam O'Rourke about 8 years ago
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A-Levels Psychology (PSYB2 - Phobias/OCDs) Flashcards on Behavioural Explanation  for Phobias, created by Adam O'Rourke on 05/31/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Merckelbach Some phobias such as blood, small animals ect, can be acquired through modeling, but phobias such as claustrophobia cannot
Classical Conditioning Pairing of neutral stimulus with an unconditioned response (fear) -Little Albert (white mice) -Bagby (running water) DiGallo - concluded that phobias develop from traumatic events King - phobias in children develop from traumatic events
Observational Learning Phobia develops from observing another person experiencing pain or upset from an object
Davidson and Neale Watson and Raynors results were very difficult to replicate. Most lab experiments obtained little or no evidence that individuals can be conditioned to fear neutral stimuli by pairing it with unpleasant stimuli
Barlow and Durand About 50% of people with phobias involving cars remember a traumatic experience involving cars
Ost Many people with phobias involving heights, snakes and aeroplanes have never had traumatic experiences involving them (Observational Learning?)
Menzies and Clark Only 2% of children with phobias involving water reported a frightening experience with water (psychodynamic?)
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