Classical Conditioning

Mary :)
Flashcards by , created over 6 years ago

Australian Capital Territory - Australian Capital Territory Year 12 Certificate Psychology (Learning Theories) Flashcards on Classical Conditioning, created by Mary :) on 06/07/2013.

Mary :)
Created by Mary :) over 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Unconditioned Response (UCR) The natural, automatic response to a specific unconditioned stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus (CS) A stimulus that evokes a specific response due to learning
Conditioned Response (CR) A reflex response to a previously neutral stimulus that occurs after learning has taken place
Acquisition The learning itself; the gaining (acquiring) of a knowledge or skill
Acquisition Process The process of learning the conditioned response
Acquisition Phase The period of time between presentation of a stimulus and receiving reinforcement
Extinction The gradual decrease in strength or frequency of a conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer available
Spontaneous Recovery The reappearance of a conditioned response to the conditioned stimulus after a period of apparent extinction
Stimulus Generalisation When stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus produce the same response
Stimulus Discrimination The ability to discriminate between stimuli so that only a specific stimulus produces the conditioned response
Graduated Exposure/Systemic Desensitisation A type of behaviour therapy used to reduce a phobia, involving exposing a person to their phobia- causing stimulus or situation very slowly, by degrees, under relaxed conditions until the fear response is extinguished
Phobia An intense and irrational fear of an object, situation or thing, which persists over time
Counter-conditioning A behavioural therapy based on the classic conditioning principles, which conditions new, pleasant responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted responses
Aversion Therapy A type of behavioural therapy that uses classical conditioning principles to change an undesirable behaviour by associating it with an unpleasant stimulus
One-trial Learning A form of classical conditioning where learning occurs after a single pairing of a neutral stimulus and an unpleasant stimulus; one instance of pairing creates a lasting association
Taste Aversion A type of one-trial learning that is a learnt avoidance of a particular food after it has been associated with just one pleasant experience
Response Any identifiable behaviour, external or internal, that is elicited by a stimulus
Stimulus Any object or event that elicits a response
Antecedent An event that comes before a response
Consequence An event that comes after the response; the effect of the response
Reinforcement Any event that increases the likelihood that a response or behaviour will occur again
Classical Conditioning A form of learning where two normally unrelated stimuli are repeatedly linked so that existing reflex responses are elicited by new stimuli; aka Pavlovian or respondent conditioning
Neutral Stimuli (NS) A stimulus that does not naturally elicit and specific response
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) A specific stimulus that is innately capable of eliciting a reflex or response