Operant Conditioning

Mary :)
Flashcards by Mary :), updated more than 1 year ago
Mary :)
Created by Mary :) almost 8 years ago
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Australian Capital Territory - Australian Capital Territory Year 12 Certificate Psychology (Learning Theories) Flashcards on Operant Conditioning, created by Mary :) on 06/10/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Operant Conditioning A learning process which the likelihood of a behaviour being repeated is determined by the consequences of that behaviour
Operant Reinforcer Any event that follows a response and increases the probability of the response being repeated (or strengthened)
Positive Reinforcement When a pleasant or desirable event follows a response and generally increases or strengthens the likelihood of that response occurring again
Negative Reinforcement When a response removes, reduces or prevents an unpleasant stimulus and creates a positive consequence; it increases or strengthens the likelihood of the response occurring again
Continuous Reinforcement A schedule of reinforcement where a reinforcer follows every correct response
Partial Reinforcement A schedule of reinforcement where a reinforcer follows only some (not all) correct responses
Fixed Ratio A type of partial reinforcement where a set of correct responses must be made before obtaining reinforcement
Variable Ratio A type of partial reinforcement where a varied number of correct responses must be made before receiving reinforcement
Variable Interval A type of partial reinforcement where a reinforcer is only given for the first correct response after a varied amount of time
Punishment Any event following a response that decreases the likelihood of the response occurring again because it introduces an unpleasant stimulus
Punisher Any unpleasant stimulus that reduces the likelihood of an unwanted behaviour occurring again
Operant Extinction When the learnt response gradually decreases in strength or rate of response after reinforcement stops
Operant Spontaneous Recovery The reappearance of a previously reinforced response after a period of apparent extinction
Operant Stimulus Discrimination The ability to differentiate between stimuli similar to the stimuli that signal reinforcement and non-reinforcement
Operant Stimulus Generalisation The tendency to respond to stimuli similar to stimuli that precede operant reinforcement
Shaping An operant training technique that involves reinforcing successive responses that closely resemble or progress
Primary Reinforcer A natural, non-learnt reinforcer that produces comfort, ends discomfort, or fills an immediate need
Secondary Reinforcer A reinforcer that has no value of its own but can be exchanged for a primary reinforcer that does have value
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