Chapter 23

Zeneatha Jònsson
Flashcards by Zeneatha Jònsson, updated more than 1 year ago
Zeneatha Jònsson
Created by Zeneatha Jònsson over 6 years ago
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University Psychology 144 Flashcards on Chapter 23, created by Zeneatha Jònsson on 10/20/2014.

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Question Answer
GINI coefficient a commonly used use of income inequality
Infant mortality rate number of children in every 1000 who die before 5 years
Life expectancy Average age at which people are expected to die
Resilliance Ability to thrive, mature and increase competence in the face of adverse circumstances
Psychological experience of poverty 1. hopelessness 2. uncertainty about future 3. alienation from mainstream society
Poverty trap when poor people think they may never escape their poverty-stricken existence
Class consciousness Developed by Karl Marx, referring to peoples critical understanding of how the social system works
Dept trap When people habitually spend more money than they have
Consumer culture a cultural fantasy that the solution to life's problems are spending more and more on material things
Social capital like physical capital, but rather than being stored in money or property, its embedded in networks, spaces and institutions that make it possible for people to work together
Cultural imperialism when a stronger culture imposes its understandings and practices on weaker cultures
Ethnicity group that shares social features that contribute to the unique identity of that group
Othering the process of defining the self as different and separate through the creation of the other
Culture Social information that humans need to interact with each other, comprised of collective symbols and learnt aspects of society (different groups have different levels of access to this knowledge)
Ethnocentrism Degree to which individuals perceive their social group as being superior to others, while having negative feelings towards out-groups
Attitude learnt, evaluative belief systems that involve emotions and are exhibited in a fairly consistent way, and there are products of their context
Steriotypes inadequate over-generalisations applied to all the members of a perceived social category
Predjudice a negative attitude that may be based on irrational in-group beliefs about out-groups
Discrimination the behavioural manifestation of belief systems, which may or may not result in violence, depending on the extent to which it is legitimised within the socio-historical context and the degree to which it is perceived to be socially desirable of undesirable
Ideology a system of beliefs that is reflected in all social practices that may be structural or destructive
Active agents people have the capacity to develop alternative and opposing ideologies
Racism a system of beliefs about the superiority of some rases above others
Anti-Islamism a prejudice agains muslim people
Anti-Semitism a prejudice agains Jewish people
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