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English 224 Flashcards on Final, created by michelemcbride12 on 07/23/2013.

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michelemcbride12
Created by michelemcbride12 almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Anaphora The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. Ex: Whitman
Free verse Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter. Ex: Whitman
Southwestern humor Name given to a tradition of regional sketches and tales based in the old southwest
Vernacular The language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region
Irony The expression of ones meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
Frame narrative A secondary story or stories embedded in the main story. Ex: Twains "the Notorious Jumping Frog of Calvares County". Entire story is actually a letter.
Satire The use of humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices. Ex: mark twain
Stream of consciousness A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur.
Interior monologue A piece of writing exposing a characters inner thoughts.
Jazz/the blues Langston Hughes was influenced by jazz and blues.
Minimalism Extreme spareness and simplicity
Genteel tradition A literary practice used in the late 19th century, stressed conventionality in moral, social, religious and literary standards.
Trickster tale A tale in which the main character constantly tries to outsmart or outwit other characters. Ex: "The Wife of His Youth"
Realism Implies a rejection of romantic, heroic, exaggerated and idealistic views of life in favor of detailed, accurate descriptions of the everyday. Plot captures ordinary, everyday life. Emphasis on characters. Use on common language. Challenges the likes of Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman.
Naturalism Both London and Crane considered naturalists. Nature viewed as backdrop to human suffering. Nature is indifferent to human suffering. Dominant theme is survival. Your fate is determined for you.
High modernism An artistic response to the anxieties brought on by increasing materialism and industrialization that culminates in WWI. Daily existence becomes a search for meaning in an otherwise meaningless world. The halo has been removed from all that we once found sacred: religion, social relations, govt institutions, art. "Make it new"-Ezra Pound. Truth and reality are no longer objective but subjective based in each persons own fragmented, confused reality.
Post modernism Challenges the middle lass values of white suburbia. Explores ways social relationships are mediated by technology. Collapses hierarchy between high art and low art. Rejects all master narratives: Christian, Marxist, Enlightenment etc. Experimental narrative, modes reject boundaries.
Harlem Renaissance 1914-1930. Bodies in motion, driven by northward migration, 1.5 million migrate. Leads to first black urban communities. Hughes and Hurston wanted to reclaim and represent black folk culture. White audience looked on with contempt and pity. Became "new Negros" focused on perils and promises of urban north. Looked to African past for cultural grounding.
Plantation Tradition Chivalrous, honorable, "old south", white paternalism, satisfied slaves, freed slaves are too "childlike, ignorant, gullible, to make proper use of the franchise."
Common man Walt Whitman compared himself to the common man constantly in "Song of Myself". The common man is a hard working average man.
The "mask"/double consciousness/literary subterfuge/the veil Du Bois coined double consciousness: "this sense of always looking at yourself through the eyes of others". The veil is an ignorant blocking reality.
Uncanny Strange or mysterious in an unsettling way.
Nihilism The rejection of religious or moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless. Extreme skepticism according to which nothing in the world has a real existence.
Self-consciousness Aware of oneself as am individual or of ones own being, actions, or thoughts.
The American Dream Dream that if you work herd enough you can achieve the family and cars and own a home. "Howl" rejects the American dream. Says America is sacrificing its youth to the American dream and consumerism.
Upward Mobility The movement of individual social group or class to a position of increased power or status.
Southern Belle Innocent, pretty southern girl who is very flirtatious yet her purity is never questioned.
"Legacy of the Lost Cause" Glossing over any kind of actual conflict between the north and the south after the civil war. South says the only reason they lost was because the north had more men however both had chivalrous good men. Both sides feature aggressive, trouble making, white men.
Color Line On what side is white and what is black. we live to make very distinct descriptions of what is white and black.
Loss Of Faith Starts with TS Eliot. Loss of Halo. Loss of faith in society, the family, art, etc.
Class conflict ties all the way back to social darwinism. conflicts between people of different classes. In "A Streetcar Named Desiree" for example, Blanche dislikes Stanley because he is an immigrant of a lower class.
metafiction fictional writing which self consciously and systematically draws attention to itself, questioning the relationship between fiction and reality, using devices such as irony and self reflection. Maus does this. Also when a piece of literature recognizes itself as a piece of literature.
T.S. Eliot: White, old US family, advocate for High European culture. "The Love Song Of Alfred J. Prufrock" "Tradition and the Individual Talent"
Imagism a movement that favored the precision of imagery and clear sharp language. Imagists rejected the sentiment and directness of VIctorian and Romantic poetry. A characteristic feature of Imagism is to attempt to isolate a single image to reveal its essence.
Carl Sandburg: one of the leaders of the Chicago Literary Renaissance. "Chicago" "Fog"
Robert Frost: used blank verse. "Desert Places" "Design" "Directive"
Wallace Stevens: inescapable subjectivity "The Snow Man" "The Emperor of Ice Cream" "Anecdote of the Jar"
Ezra Pound: always said to make it new "In a Station of the Metro"
H.D.: Feminist "Leda" "Helen"
William Carlos Williams: was a pediatrician, rejected free verse and used triadic or stepped line. "Portrait of Lady" "The Red Wheelbarrow" "The Dead Baby"
William Faulkner "Barn Burning"
Flannery O'Conner "Good Country People"
Tennessee Williams "A Streetcar Named Desire"
Allen Ginsberg "Howl" "A Supermarket In California"
Adrienne Rich "Diving Into the Wreck"
Ralph Ellison "Invisible Man"
Amiri Baraka "Dutchman"
Ursula K. Le Guin "Schrodinger's Cat"
Donald Bathelme "The Balloon"
Toni Morrison "Recitatif"
Art Spiegelman "Maus"
John Cheever "The Swimmer"
Ann Beattie "Weekend"
Determinism Your fate is determined for you. goes along with naturalism.
New Negro Popularized during the Harlem Renaissance. New Negro identity in Harlem and the North. Embraces and brings respect to black southern folk culture. Hughes, Hurston and Toomer.
WASP's/The New Yorker Writers White Anglo Saxon Protestants. Stories were often representative of well to do, white middle class suburbanites and how they lived their daily lives.
Consumer Values typically conflated with concepts of the suburbs: the satisfaction received by a customer from a purchase and the likelihood that they will purchase something again.
Beat Generation a group of American Writers, ex: Ginsburg "Howl", who rejected conventional social values.
The Southern Renaissance Ex: Faulkner, O'Conner. De-romanticizes the "Old South" and rejects the "Lost Cause" myth. Addresses the "burden of the southern past". Southern writers begin looking at the south more critically.