Alsace

Description

Alsace is unusual for a French wine region in that most of its wines are varietally labelled. Still wine production is focused on aromatic white grape varieties made in dry, off-dry and sweet styles.
Michelle Ames
Flashcards by Michelle Ames, updated more than 1 year ago
Michelle Ames
Created by Michelle Ames almost 4 years ago
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Question Answer
What is the climate of Alsace? Cool to moderate continental. The lack of clouds due to The Vosages means sunny summers and dry autumns.
What is a climate hazard in Alsace? Drought.
What are the three appellations in Alsace? Alsace AOC, Alsace Grand Cru AOC, and Cremant d'Alsace AOC.
What style of wine is typically produced from the lesser vineyards which lie on the plain between the foothills and the Rhine? Cremant d'Alsace. Accounts for approx. 23% of the wine produced in Alsace.
What is unique about the soils in Alsace? The high geological complexity and variety of soils within the region have a clearer influence on wine production here more so than other regions.
Varietal wines in the Alsace AOC may be produced from the following ten grape varieties: Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, Sylvaner, Musat, Chasselas, Auxerrois, and Klevener de Heiligenstein (Savagnin Rose)*. *Restricted to Heiligenstein and a few other communes.
True or False: Chardonnay may be used in Alsatian wines. True, but only in Cremant d'Alsace.
Grand Cru vineyards are recognised as an appellation in their own right. How many currently exist? 51, mainly located in Haut-Rhin.
Generally Alsace Grand Cru AOC vineyards are only permitted to grow the four 'noble varieties'. What are they? Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris and Riesling.
What winemaking technique is not allowed in Alsace Grand Cru AOC wines? Chaptalization.
What is a typical Alsatian white wine style? Dry, single variety, with aromatic, fresh fruit driven profiles and moderate acidity. There is little to no use of oak (even in reds).
What has happened to white wines in the last few years? Warmer summers have produced a series of vintages that, while not intentional, cannot ferment fully dry and have noticeable RS as well as high alcohol.
What are blends labelled as? Edelzwicker, or Gentil if noble varieties make up a minimum of 50%.
What are the two distinct styles of dessert wines produced in Alsace? Vendange tardive - Late harvest grapes which may or may not have noble rot. These wines can be made into a dry style as well. Selection de grains nobles - Botrytis infected grapes.
What is the name for the tall, thin bottles used for many wines in this region? Flute d'Alsace.
Cremant d'Alsace accounts for approximately what percentage of wine produced in the region? 23%.
Wines that do not adhere to appellation rules are labelled as what? They are declassified as Wine, since no IGP exists for the region.
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