Islam - Flashcards

Alexander Sim
Flashcards by Alexander Sim, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexander Sim
Created by Alexander Sim over 1 year ago
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Akhira life after death.
Allah the God - affirms that there is only one God.
Caliph the four successors of Muhammad - ’rightly guided’; ‘defenders of the faith’.
Five Pillars foundation of faith - confessions of faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, pilgrimage.
Hadith recorded traditions which maintain sayings/examples (Sunnah) of Muhammad.
Haram those things that are forbidden
Islam ‘submission’ to the will of God; a further meaning is ‘peace’.
Jurisprudence the process/science of interpreting Qur’an and Hadith to arrive at a correct decision.
Ka’ba located in Mecca, Islam’s holiest site; the Qur’an states that it was built by Ibrahim and Ishmael
Mecca birthplace of Muhammad-place of sacred pilgrimage for all Muslims
Ramadan the ninth month of the Muslim calendar when able adults undertake rigorous fasting
Salat prayer-five times daily which assists adherents over their whole day in submission to Allah
Shahada the first Pillar: ‘There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet’.
Shari’a law that defines the path a Muslim must follow in life.
Sunnah the acts and sayings of the Prophet; source of teaching after the Qur’an.
Sunni path’- the way of Muhammad; approximately 85% of Muslims are Sunni; accepts all four caliphs.
Shi’ia ‘the party of Ali’; emphasis on suffering; specific system of law; majority of expression in Islam.
Tawaf circling the Ka’ba during Hajj.
Tawhid there is only one God and only this one God can be worshipped; pivotal belief of Islam.
Ummah the universal community of Islam.
Zakat a tax to provide for the needs of the poor and needy; usually 2.5% of a person’s income.
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