Geography - Population - Key Words

Grace Evans
Flashcards by Grace Evans, updated more than 1 year ago
Grace Evans
Created by Grace Evans almost 7 years ago
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Description

Flashcards on Geography - Population - Key Words, created by Grace Evans on 01/06/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Population a group of people within an area
Distribution the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
Densely an area with lots of people living in it
Sparsely an area that has a few people living in it
Birth rate number of births in a year per 1,000 population
Death rate number of deaths in a year per 1,000 population
Infant mortality the number of babies out of every thousand that dies before the age of one
Demographics the statistics of a population e.g. age, income, education
Demographic transition model the transition of high birth rates and death rates to low birth rates and death rates that occurs as part of the economic development of a country from a pre industrial to a post industrial economy
Migration the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Push factors things that make people want to leave an area
Pull factors things that encourage a person to an area
Immigrant person who leaves one country to permanently settle in another
Migrant a person who leaves his/her country of origin to seek residence in another country
Emigrate when a person leaves there country of origin to settle in another country
Refugee a person who has been forced to leave his/her home because of fear of persecution
Dependency ration the ration of people who defined as dependant (under 15 years old and above 64 years old)
Population pyramid a bar graph showing the population divided into males and females in different age groups
Census the process of obtaining information from every member of a population
Ageing population occurs when the average age of a population is getting older
Life expectancy the average number of years a person is expected to live
Replacement rate the total fertility that exactly balances births and deaths, so the population growth is zero
Exponential growth a change in population that is proportional to the size of the population
Migrate when a person moves from one country to another and settles there
Emigrant All people moving out od a country
Internal Migration people moving location within a country
Destination the place were migrants settle
Country of origin the country where migration starts
International Migration Moving from a country to a different country
Asylum Seekers forced migrants (war or human rights issues) who want refugee status in another country
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