Psychology research methods flash cards

Flashcards by eharveyhudl, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by eharveyhudl about 6 years ago


A2 level Psychology (Research methods) Flashcards on Psychology research methods flash cards, created by eharveyhudl on 01/27/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Internal validity Whether the study has tested what it set out to test
External validity How much a research finding can be generalised; to other settings (ecological validity) or to other people (population validity)
Mundane realism How much a study mirrors the real world
Confidentiality A participant's right to have personal information protected
Deception Where a participant is not told the true aims of the study so cannot truly give informed consent
Informed consent Participants have the right to know information about the research they are taking part in so they can decide whether to participate
Privacy A person's right to control the flow of information about themselves
Protection from harm During an experiment, participants should not experience negative physical or psychological effects e.g embarrassment
Right to withdraw Participants should have the right to withdraw from a study if they are uncomfortable in any way
Ethics committee A group of people within a research institution who need to approve a study before it happens
Ethical guidelines Legal documents regarding psychology that establish principles for standard practice
Presumptive consent A way of dealing with deception or lack of informed consent, by asking people who are similar to the participants if they would agree to take part. If they give consent, it is assumed the real participants would agree
Debriefing A way to deal with deception, is to inform them of the true nature of the study after it has taken place
Directional hypothesis States the direction of the predicted difference between two conditions
Non-directional hypothesis Predicts that there will be a difference between two conditions without stating the direction of the difference
Pilot study A small trial run of a study to test any aspects of the design, with a view of making improvements
Confederate A person in a study who is not a participant and has been given instructions by the experimenter
Counterbalancing A way of overcoming order effects by ensuring each condition is tested first or second in equal amounts
Experimental design Procedures used to control the influence of factors such as participant variables in an experiment
Androcentric When the participants in the study are only men, so it cannot be generalised to women
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