Birth/ Death rates

Becky Walker
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

Definitions of words associated with Birth/ death rates.

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Becky Walker
Created by Becky Walker over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
Birth Rate The number of births per 1000 of the population per year.
General Fertility Rate The number of live births per 1000 women of child bearing age per year.
Total fertility rate. The average number of children women will have during their child bearing years. The number of births in any society depends on both the fertility rates of women and the number of women of child-bearing age.
Infant Mortality Rate. The number of deaths of babies in their first year of life per 1000 live births per year.
Death Rate. The number of deaths per 1000 of the population per year.
Life expectancy. An estimate of how long the average person can be expected to live. Estimates of life expectancy can be based on any age, but the most common are life expectancy at birth and at one year.
Women of child bearing age. Women aged between 15-44 years old.
Dependent population. That section of the population that are not in work and are supported by those who are, such as the under 18's (who are still at school or training); pensioners; the unemployed and other living on welfare benefits.
Natural population change. Changes to the size of a population due to changes in the number of births and deaths, excluding migration. Expressed in a natural increase (+) or decrease (-) in population.
Population projections. Predictions of future changes in population size and composition based on past and present population sizes.
Migration. Changing the country of usual residence for a periods of at least a year, so that the country of destination effectively becomes the country of usual residence.
Net Migration. The difference between immigration and emigration, and therefore whether the population of a country or area has gone up or gone down when both emigration and immigration are taken into account. Net migration is usually expressed in terms of a net gain (+) or a net loss or decrease (-) of population.