Media unseen

Jade Davies
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

AS media terminology for unseen

Jade Davies
Created by Jade Davies over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
Synergy The establishment of a relationship between different media organization which benefits both organizations
Intertextuality To describe a postmodern term to describe a postmodern text with relations to other texts
Diegetic It is sound that happens within the narrative
Non Diegetic out of frame sound e.g. V.O
Enigma Describes a way that the text establishes a mystery for the audience, which will then be resolved with the narrative
Parallel When the sound we hear usually goes hand in hand with the image.
Contrapuntal sound that we wouldn’t associate with the events on screen
Hyperbolic Sound that exaggerates the situation
Sound Motif A sound effect or combination of sound effects that are associated with a particular character, setting, situation
Sound Bridges At the beginning of a new scene the sound is carried over from the end of the old scene
Asynchronous sound- When a sound or music does not come from the diegetic reality of the movie
Dialogue This is a characters speech
Voice Over This could be character or voice leading or misleading the audience to the narrative.
The subject What is being represented e.g class, race, organisation or sub-culture
Realism Is the text representing something as real?
Stereotypes are oversimplified representations; using recognizable /labelled appearance and behavior of a group or place.
What is a Brand Value? This is something that they want to promote e.g good quality products
What is a public service broadcast? refers to TV programmes that are broadcast for the public benefit rather than for purely commercial purposes
Blockbuster Movie This is a high budget movie which is very popular and it includes famous stars.
Independent Movie An independent film is a film production resulting in a feature film that is produced mostly or completely outside of the major film studio system. This is low budget.
Continuity continuous editing
Non continuity not continuous editing
The 180-degree rule Some styles used with the 180-degree rule can elicit an emotion or create a visual rhythm. By moving the camera closer to the axis for a close-up shot, it can intensify a scene when paired with a long shot.
Eyeline match is a film editing technique associated with the continuity editing system. It is based on the premise that the audience will want to see what the character on-screen is seeing.
Match on action Match on action (or cutting on action) is an editing technique for continuity editing in which one shot cuts to another shot portraying the action of the subject in the first shot.
Pace editing Pacing occurs when the editor varies the length of the shots and, thus, guides the viewers in their emotional response to the scene. Rapid pacing suggests intensity and excitement Slower pacing is more relaxed and thoughtful.
Rhythm editing what editors use to keep pace of the film up to match the action that is going on in the film. Slow cuts edits has a calming, bordering feel to the edit, were as a fast cut edits has lively, aggressive feel to the edit. An example of this is in the first episode of ‘Dead Set’ it use fast cut edit to create a loud, breathless feeling.
Transitions the post-production process of film editing and video editing by which scenes or shots are combined. Most commonly this is through a normal cut to the next scene
Montage a series of short shots are edited into a sequence to condense space, time, and information
Cross Cutting to establish action occurring at the same time in two different locations. In a cross-cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case.
Fade to Black where it was customary to end a scene or session of filming by closing off light to the camera, sometimes for dramatic effect, but often as a pracical measure.
Straight Cut A basic cut; Shot A abruptly ends and Shot B abruptly begins
Graphic matching The cut joins together two pieces of film that contain two similarly shaped objects in similar positions in the frame.
Wipe A wipe involves one shot replacing another, traveling from one side of the frame to another
Dissolve when a shot changes into another shot gradually. Dissolves, like cuts, can be used to create a link between two different objects, a man telling a story, and a visual of his story, for instance.
Ellipses (Editing) Ellipsis has to do with the omission of a section of the story that is either obvious enough for the public to fill in or concealed for a narrative purpose, such as suspense or mystery.
Parallel editing is a technique whereby cutting occurs between two or more related actions occurring at the same time in two separate locations or different points in time
Split Screen the visible division of the screen, traditionally in half, but also in several simultaneous images, rupturing the illusion that the screen's frame is a seamless view of reality, similar to that of the human eye.
Décor the furnishing and decoration of a room/setting
Long shot Takes a picture from a distance, it shows a whole setting. It could be used to show a full scene or an actors full body.
Medium shot A medium shot is usually from the targets head down to his or her torso. This to show the targets body as well as there face. This type of shot is often used in magazines.
Two shot A two shot is mostly used in TV dramas w here it shows friends side by side. However it can also be used show relationships. The main purpose of this shot is for the audience to see what sort of relationship the characters have between them.
Over the Shoulder shot Taken from behind a subject to see someone else. It is sometimes used in dramas to show someone's facial expression. It is more commonly used for when two people are having a conversation.
Point of View shot This shows the view point of an actor. You can usually see the actors feet or hands in the picture so that you know straight away what sort of shot it is. It is sometimes used in films to show someone's eyesight as blurry, if they are becoming uncurious.
Establishing shot/ Extreme Long Shot to set the scene of the movie you are trying to create. It usually shows the outside of a building or even a landscape to give the audience a brief idea of where the scene takes place.
Extreme Close up The Extreme Close-Up Shot magnifies beyond what the human eye would imagine in reality. An extreme close-up of a face of a human would only show the eyes or the mouth covering up the whole screen with no background included. This shot is usually used to make a dramatic and tense effect.
Shot Reverse Shot is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character (often off-screen), and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character.
Medium Close up Frames a subject's head and cuts off around mid-chest. The focus is on the subject. Reveals only a little of the surroundings. Shows the facial expressions of the subject.
Birds Eye View A Bird’s-eye view shows a scene from overhead. Overhead of your character or even to show the setting but the shot doesn’t show anything as clearly as you may think it is. This camera shot makes the audience feel like ‘God’ as God watches over everything that happens over our heads. People would look as tiny as ants and that also makes the audience feel tall and proud
High Angle The camera is slanted in the action, hovering over the sides of the heads. This makes whatever you are trying to focus on smaller and insignificant. This action becomes part of a wider scale.
Eye level The eye-level shot is placed in level with a character’s face as if the audience is watching in level with the focus.
Canted angle An Oblique/Canted Angle can be sometimes tilted which is used in many popular horror movies to indicate to the audience that the scene is unstable, or ‘something is going to go wrong’. This shot suggests the ‘point of view’ of a characte
Low angle Low angles are mainly used to give an effect of how small you are to the world. Low angles shots give a sense of powerlessness and makes you feel useful in the scene and this type of camera angle would be useful for short actors like Danny Devito or Tom Cruise.
Tilt it scans the scene vertically.
Dolly Shot The camera is usually placed inside a vehicle or a plane, or mounted anywhere that creates movement if the director wants a complicated dolly shot. The dolly shots generally follow a moving object. The dolly shot is good for following the movement of a human or an object showing the journey from one end to another.
Crane Shots Crane Shots are similar to a dolly shot although it moves left, right, center, up, down, diagonally etc. but in the air by using a large metal stand as you can see on the left here.
zoom A zoom is use to change the magnification of an image by either using a close-up shot or a long shot in a camera
Aerial shot Aerial shots are usually taken from a helicopter and is similar to a ‘Crane Shot’. You would usually find an ‘Aerial’ Shot in the beginning of a film to establish the setting and movement.
semi arc shot semi arc shot is a camera move around the subject in one full circle
Crab to mean in-and-out movement whereas the others tend to mean side-to-side movement at a constant distance from the action.
Follow It simply means that the camera follows the subject or action.
Tracking Tracking is often morenarrowly defined as movement parallel to the action, or at least at a constant distance
Panning is a camera movement technique that involves moving the camera horizontally to the right or left
Subversive ideology challenge the status
Equilibrium a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced.
disequilibrium The problem
New Equilibrum Resolution
Binary Opposite is a pair of related terms or concepts that are opposite in meaning. E.G. Good VS Evil
An Open Narrative structure i An Open Narrative structure is usually found in television series, in particular, ongoing soap operas such as EastEnders/Neighbors. In these narratives, the story has no apparent beginning, middle or end, in terms of the actual events.
Closed Narrative A Closed Narrative structure is most commonly found in movies. As mentioned before, movies generally exist as one unique story, and contain a beginning, middle and an ending. A story is unravelled before an audience, and then ultimately brought to a conclusio
Circular Narrative The narrative begins at the end events (often with the Beginning climax). The audience are taking on a journey arriving And end back where they started
Linear narrative Beginning Middle End (Audience introduced to (Events –story builds) (Closure) characters and story)
Symbolic Code Something that symbolizes a more abstract concept e.g. a darker than usual room of a murder scene could symbolize the depth of darkness and depravity
Enigma code something hidden from the audience (creates intrigue)
Action code something the audience knows and doesn't need explaining e.g. someone being wheeled out on a stretcher tells us they are going to hospital
Non linear A story told out of order and can be confusing for the viewer
Multi-strand Narrative Many works are made up of multiple narrative strands. Instead of a single hero and a group of supporting characters, a narrative with multiple strands can have two or more isolated groups of characters existing at once.
Single strand Narrative If you’re watching or reading a story that has one central character or hero acting in a single plot while surrounded by a group of minor characters
Non Narrative Non-narrative film is an aesthetic of film that does not narrate, or relate "an event, whether real or imaginary". The aesthetic strives to be nonrepresentational.
Unrestricted narrative in film is when the viewers know more information or are presented with more information than the characters are.
restricted narrative Story presented via one character in particular. Mystery or surprise may be the effect of this form of narration