The secularisation debate

danielaRD
Flashcards by danielaRD, updated more than 1 year ago
danielaRD
Created by danielaRD almost 6 years ago
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Flash cards to evaluate the view that the world is becoming more secular

Resource summary

Question Answer
Intro Wilson 'decline in religious thinking, practice and institutions' Depends on definition of religion
Religious Thinking Bruce- growth of scientific explanation Weber-rationalisation(disenchantment)
Religious Thinking Evaluation Postmodernists-mistrust of science/return to religion Many people are still religious (70%) Bruce- halfway house
Religious Practice Bruce-statistics are an important objective measurement 1851-40% 2015-2% Attendance at ceremonies in decline Catholic church in decline(controversial opinions)
Religious Practice Evaluation Hammond- church attendance and religious belief cannot be equated Self-declared Christians Davie- believe without belonging Luckmann- Privatised worship Meaning and Validity Glasner- inaccuracies(Victorian)
Religious Institution Bruce-disengagement is evidence of secularisation Church has less influence over social, political and economic areas of life Ceremonies can now be performed anywhere
Religious Practice Evaluation Martin- religion still has a strong influence Monolithic countries Religious education and worship is a legal requirement in schools
Is Secularisation happening everywhere? NO Low attendance in the UK but in monolithic countries there is still high attendance rates
TWO MAIN THEORIES to explain secularisation in some countries and not others Rational Choice Theory-Stark and Bainbridge, cost/benefit analysis (USA) Existential Security Theory-Norris and Inglehart, Low existential security = more religiosity(USA IS AN ANOMALY)
Conclusion Difficult to prove or disprove secularisation; different definitions(e.g. Wilson and Bruce) Glock and Start-defining RELIGION is the issue Exclusive V Inclusive Luckmann 'invisible religion' Shiner concludes: 'secularisation is a difficult term to define and sociologists should be carefu in using it'.
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