Flashcards by moniquewrites, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by moniquewrites almost 6 years ago


Flashcards on Gambling, created by moniquewrites on 07/12/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Definition Gambling is any behaviour involving the risk of money or valuable possessions on the outcome of a game which is considered an addiction as it is an activity that people are absorbed in and pursue, regardless of the consequences.
Biological Contributing Factor: Dopamine-reward pathway The biological contributing factor is dopamine which involves the reward pathway. The reward pathway is responsible for our feelings of motivation, reward and behaviour. It makes us feel good when we participate in behaviours such as gaining money, eating and drinking.
Biological management: Opiod Antagonists-Naltrexone This can be managed through opiod antagonists such as Naltrexone. It has been considered the most effective in reducing the urge to gamble. It blocks the absorption of dopamine by the post synaptic neuron, decreasing the feelings of pleasure and the need to satisfy the urge to gamble.
Social Contributing factor: Gambling Venues The social contributing factor are gambling venues. There has been a huge increase in gambling venues in Australia with approx. 200,000 electronic gambling machines and a resulting increase in gambling opportunities. Electronic gambling machines have proven to be the most popular form of gambling and the public often has a positive attitude towards it and see it as harmless.
Social Management: Self-help groups The social contributing factor can be managed by self-help groups where by discussing problems so members feel a sense of togetherness and belonging, helping the group for a social support. Such groups can include Gamblers Anonymous which is where groups of people who are or have been pathological gamblers come together. They share their experiences and strengths by trying to help people overcome their gambling problems.
Psychological contributing factor: Social Learning Theory The social learning theory is a psychological contributing factor. It includes the early introduction to gambling via parents or other family members which can cause pathological gambling later in life, with people generally believing that gambling can result in social and monetary awards. It often occurs during family outings to venues that allow gambling, such as pubs, and this can cause a child to imitate the actions they see.
Psychological Management: Psychodynamic therapy Psychodynamic therapy looks at the current behaviour of the gambler and attempts to find the underlying reasons for it by delving into their past. It examines the emotions connected with past events and how these emotions
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