Module 3 Study Guide

amatthews1
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

Module 3 Study Guide

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amatthews1
Created by amatthews1 over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
Deviance-Making Enterprise Facets 1. Rule Creating (Without which there would be no deviant behavior) 2. Rule-Enforcing (Applying those rules to specific groups of people).
Moral Entrepreneurs People involved in the process of individuals drawing on the power and resources of organizations, institutions, agencies, symbols, ideas, communication and audiences.
Types of Moral Entrepreneurs 1. Rule Creators 2. Rule Enforcers
Rule Creators- Examples Politicians, Crusading public figures, teachers, parents, school administrators, and CEO's of business organizations.
Rule Enforcer- Examples Police, court, judges, dormitory RAS, members of neighborhood associations, Inter-Fraternity Council, and parents
Awareness Use messages of awareness to create a sense that certain conditions are problematic and pose a present or future potential danger to society.
Moral Conversion Rules Creators trying to convince others of their views
Alliances Rule creators look to different groups in society to form alliances or coalitions to support their campaigns. Alliances are long-term allies.
Coalitions Groups that do not normally lobby together, but are bonded by their mutual interests in a single issue.
Moral panic When the efforts of moral entrepreneurs are very successful because of a threat to society is depicted, promoting terror and dread with its powerfully persuasive focus on fold devils.
Factors affecting Social power in society 1. Money 2. Race and ethnicity 3. Gender 4. Age
Drug scares Autonomous from whatever drug-related problems exist or are said to exist. A form of moral panic ideologically constructed so as to construe on or another chemical bogeyman, a la communists, as the core cause of a wide array of preexisting public problems.
First and most significant drug scare Over-drink
America's First real drug law San Francisco's anti-opium den ordinance of 1875.
Routinization of cariature Rhetorically recrafting worst cases into typical cases and the episodic into the epidemic
Ownership of drug problems The ability to create and influence the public definition of a problem
Scapegoating Blaming a drug or its alleged effects on a group of its users for a variety of preexisting social ills that are typically only indirectly associated with it.
Smoking Ban Symbolized the deviant status of cigarette smokers, the prohibition visibly demonstrating the community's redemption of their behavior.
Failure to Launch 1. Lack of technological understanding 2. Comprehensive official control of an issue
Chasm between official expectations and the actual problem faced these consequences.. 1. Lack of media access 2. The invisibility of the problem 3. Preemption by other causes and interest groups
Who receives the most aggressive policing tactics such as stops and searches? young men
Two themes related to the presence of the lesbian stereotype in women's sport 1. A silence surrounding the issue of lesbianism in women's sport 2. Athletes' internalization of societal stereotypes concerning lesbians and women athletes.
What does attaching the label of lesbian do to women who engage in sports? It diminishes their sporting accomplishments.
Effect of a criminal record for whites Reduces the likelihood of a callback by 50% Levels of responsiveness change dramatically once employer sees criminal record
Effect of race in getting a job with a criminal record Blacks without criminal record- 14% callback Whites without criminal record- 34% Whites with criminal record- 17% Blacks with criminal record- 5%
Saints -A middle to upper class group of boys that Chambliss studied -Got away with more than the Roughnecks because of how society viewed them -Biggest issues were truency, wild driving, petty theft and drinking
Roughnecks -The other group of boys that Chambliss studied "from the other side of the tracks" -Always in trouble with police -Didn't have as much access to drinking because they couldn't afford cars -Still caused a lot of trouble (but not more than the Saints)
Reasons why the Roughnecks were more targeted than the Saints 1. Visibility 2. Demeanor 3. Bias