Ancient China - Glossary of Terms

Ms M
Flashcards by , created about 4 years ago

This set of flashcards contains words and meanings related to your Year 7 study of ancient China.

Ms M
Created by Ms M about 4 years ago
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Question Answer
BARBARIAN Barbarians (binary/octet-stream) Term used by the Chinese to refer to anyone who was not Chinese or who lived outside Chinese borders.
ISOLATED Isolated Chinamap2 (binary/octet-stream) - Cut off from - Separate from - Having no contact with
DYNASTY (plural: DYNASTIES) Dynasties (binary/octet-stream) Line of rulers from the same family, and the time period during which they ruled.
PRIMARY SOURCE 13ecc2af-6bfa-473b-88b5-96343c527600.jpg (image/jpg) A source that was created at the time / in the time being investigated, e.g.: - bones, skeletons, items found in tombs - art : paintings, mosaics, sculptures - pottery, tools, weapons - household utensils, toys - letters, diaries, photographs
MANDATE OF HEAVEN Mandate Of Heaven (binary/octet-stream) Belief that the ruler has been chosen by the gods to rule.
MAUSOLEUM Mausoleum Dingling Tomb (binary/octet-stream) Room where dead bodies are buried or stored
INSCRIPTION Oracle Bones2 (binary/octet-stream) Engraved or etched writing; writing on bone, shell, bronze or some other object
DAOISM Yin And Yang1 (binary/octet-stream) Chinese religion that believes that nature works in harmony; following the Dao (the Way) will lead to happiness and health
CONFUCIUS Confucius3 (binary/octet-stream) Philosopher who taught about life and government; his sayings were collected by his followers and published as 'The Analects'; c. 500 BCE
TERRACOTTA WARRIORS Terracotta Warriors (binary/octet-stream) Army of soldiers, made of terracotta or clay, that stood guard over the tomb of China's first Emperor.
PHILOSOPHER Philosopher Lao Zi (binary/octet-stream) Thinker; person who studies and asks the deep questions of life - Who are we? Why are we here?
EMPEROR Emperor Of Qin4 (binary/octet-stream) Supreme male ruler of an empire (one or more countries or regions)
FERTILE LAND Yellow River In China (binary/octet-stream) Land that is rich in nutrients and is good for farming and producing crops
WARRING STATES PERIOD Warring States1 (binary/octet-stream) Period of time from 475-221 BCE when seven states fought each other for control of northern China.
PEASANT Peasants2 (binary/octet-stream) Tenant farmer who worked on land owned by the gentry; had to give half of everything they produced to their landlord and pay government taxes
BUREAUCRAT Bureaucrat (binary/octet-stream) Government official from the gentry class (elite, privileged, wealthy) who was also a scholar (educated).