chapter2 flash cards

Flashcards by ejimenezward, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by ejimenezward over 5 years ago


the word for vocabulary 2 list

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Question Answer
mesopotamia-the land between the rivers
sumerians-were the creators of the first mesopotamian civilization
inundation-the annual flooding of the nile river.the flood river leave behind rich fertile mud.
polytheistic-beliefs in many gods.
ziggurats-the sumerians believed that gods and gooddesses owned the cities.
theocracy-a government by divine authority.
cuneiform-denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.
hammuabi's law code-Hammurabi and dealing with criminal and civil matters.
patriarchal -relating to, or characteristic of a patriarch.
Nile River-a river in E Africa, the longest in the world, flowing N from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean.
inundation-annual flooding and the Nile River
cataract-a large waterfall.
dynasty-a line of hereditary rulers of a country.
vizier-a high official in some Muslim countries, especially in Turkey under Ottoman rule.
mummifacation -into a mummy, as by embalming and drying.
ba the ba was part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the gods the symbol of the ba is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings.
cnopic jars a covered urn used in ancient Egyptian burials to hold the entrails from an embalmed body.
great pyramid a covered urn used in ancient Egyptian burials to hold the entrails from an embalmed body.
king khufu Khufu, originally Khnum-Khufu, is the birth name of a Fourth Dynasty ancient Egyptian pharaoh, who ruled in the first half of the Old Kingdom period.
sphinx a winged monster of Thebes, having a woman's head and a lion's body.
pharaoh a ruler in ancient Egypt.
king menes Menes was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the early dynastic period, credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt, and as the founder of the first dynasty.
old kingdom The Old Kingdom is the name given to the period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization – the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the lower Nile valley.
middle kingdom The definition of Middle Kingdom is what the Chinese Empire was known as historically by the Chinese, and the period of Egyptian history 2000-1785 B. C. An example of the Middle Kingdom were the 18 provinces of China.
new kingdom The New Kingdom of Egypt, also referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt.
queen hatshpsut Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.
tutankhamen Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom.
ramse 2(the great) was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
cleopatra a European butterfly related to the brimstone, with wings that vary from pale cream to orange-yellow.
scribe a person who copies out documents, especially one employed to do this before printing was invented.
hieroglyphics writing consisting of hieroglyphs.
ka ancient egyptians thought that when some died the ka or the life force left the physical body the ka could drink and eat but was stuck in the tomb in the body of the mummy or the small statuses that were left in the tomb.
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