Ch. 3 India hinduism & buddhism

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avrankin
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Ch. 3 India hinduism & buddhism

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Himalaya Mts. Highest mountains in the world
Monsoon Seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia
Harappa An advanced civilization flourished in this city for hundreds of years
Aryans Moved south across the Hindu Kush mountain range into the plains of northern India
Sanskrit An Indo-European language
Varnas Social groups that ranked people from high to low
Caste System Every Indian was believed to be born into a caste or social group defined by occupation and family lineage
Hinduism Origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryan peoples who settled in India
Yoga A method of training designed to lead to such union
Reincarnation A belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death
Karma The force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
Dharma The divine law
Buddhism Appeared in northern India and soon became a rival of Hinduism
Siddhartha Gautama Known as the Buddha or "Enlightened One"
Nirvana Ultimate reality the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul
4 Noble Truths The truth of suffering The truth of the cause of suffering The truth of the end of suffering The truth of the path that frees us from suffering
Eightfold Path It consists of eight steps
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