Government Chapter 6 Flash Cards

Koda M
Flashcards by Koda M, updated more than 1 year ago
Koda M
Created by Koda M over 5 years ago
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Government Chapter 6 Flash Card

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political socialization the process by which we develop our political values and opinions throughout our lives
agents of socialization the individuals, organizations, and institutions that facilitate the acquisition of political views
gender gap the measurable difference in the way women and men vote for candidates and in the way they view political issues
public opinion the public’s expressed views about an issue at a specific point in time
public opinion poll a survey of a given population’s opinion on an issue or a candidate at a particular time
straw poll a poll conducted in an unscientific manner, used to predict election outcomes
population in a poll, the group of people whose opinions are of interest and/or about whom information is desired
random sampling a scientific method of selection in which each member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample
quota sample a method by which pollsters structure a sample so that it is representative of the characteristics of the target population
stratified sampling a process of random sampling in which the national population is divided into fourths and certain areas within these regions are selected as representative of the national population
sampling error also called margin of error; a statistical calculation of the difference in results between a poll of a randomly drawn sample and a poll of the entire population
tracking polls polls that measure changes in public opinion over the course of days, weeks, or months by repeatedly asking respondents the same questions and measuring changes in their responses
push polls a special type of poll that both attempts to skew public opinion about a candidate and provides information to campaigns about candidate strengths and weaknesses
exit polls polls conducted at polling places on Election Day to project the winner of an election before the polls close
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