Chapter 9 Vocabulary

Flashcards by travelbugg2012, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by travelbugg2012 over 7 years ago


Life Government Flashcards on Chapter 9 Vocabulary, created by travelbugg2012 on 11/24/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Nomination – The official endorsements of a candidate for office by a political party
Campaign Strategy – The master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral campaign
National Party Convention – The supreme power within each of the parties
Caucus – A meeting of all state party leaders for selecting delegates to the national party convention
Presidential Primaries – Elections in which voters in a state vote for a candidate (or delegates pledged to him or her)
McGovern-Fraser Commission – A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in response to demands for reform by minority groups and others who sought better representation
Superdelegates – National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention
Frontloading – The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
National Primary – A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries to replace these electoral methods with a nationwide primary held early in the election year
Regional Primaries – A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries to replace these electoral methods with a series of primaries held in each geographic region
Party Platform – A political party’s statement of its goals and policies for the next four years
Direct Mail – A high-tech method of raising money for a political cause or candidate
Federal Election Campaign Act – A law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances
Federal Election Commission – A six-member bipartisan agency created by the Federal Campaign Act of 1974
Presidential Election Campaign Fund – Money from the $3 federal income tax check-off goes into this fund, which is then distributed to qualified candidates to subsidize their presidential campaigns
Matching Funds – Contributions of up to $250 are matched from the Presidential Election Campaign Fund to candidates for the presidential nomination who qualify and agree to meet various conditions, such as limiting their overall spending
Soft Money – Political contributions earmarked for party-building expenses at the grassroots level or for generic party advertising
527 Groups – Independent groups that seek to influence the political process but are not subject to contribution restrictions because they do not directly seek the election of particular candidates
Political Action Committees – Funding vehicles created by the 1974 campaign finance reforms
Selective Perception – The phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with and interpret them according to their own predispositions
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