Unit 8: Safety in Sport

Cath Warriner
Flashcards by Cath Warriner, updated more than 1 year ago
Cath Warriner
Created by Cath Warriner over 5 years ago
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AQA GCSE PE Facts Flashcards on Unit 8: Safety in Sport, created by Cath Warriner on 11/10/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
What is a risk assessment? A written document that looks at the likelihood of damage, or the possible dangers involved, in carrying out a particular action or activity.
What does legislation mean in relation to sport? Laws, rules or regulations that are legally enforced.
How would a coach ensure their players/athletes are safe prior to competition? Playing in the correct age group. Playing at the appropriate level. Jewellery to be removed. Enforcing the rules to prevent foul and dangerous play. Teaching players about good etiquette. Ensure players are wearing the correct clothing, footwear & equipment.
The official needs to ensure the environment is safe for the athletes. What checks must be made? Check the playing surface and remove any glass or sharp objects. Ensure there are no divots or holes, no slippery floors. Posts used indoor need to be secured, screwed to the floor. Posts outdoor need to be free from rust to avoid collapsing and secured into the ground. Rugby posts must have pads.
The weather can impact on the playing surface in outdoor sports? Give examples of how different weather conditions can make activities dangerous. Frost can leave the ground too hard, this can cause impact injuries. Ice can make courts slippery and dangerous. Golf tournaments are suspended during thunder &lightning. Good weather can dry out and crack pitches / wickets and this can result in them being too hard & dangerous to play on.
How can the athlete physically prepare for participating in their chosen sporting activity? Warm up correctly – using the 3 phases. Remove jewellery Ensure hair is tied back. Wear specific equipment, shin pads and gum shields. Train to meet the demands of the activity. Play at the correct level/ability. Netball: finger nails cut short.
How do rules ensure players are kept safe? The correct techniques must be learnt & mastered to minimise the risk of injury. Rules minimise the risk of injury to all players. Poor behaviour is penalised by using the sanctions, cards issued by the officials.
When lifting an carrying equipment the correct safety precautions and techniques should be used. What must you consider? Wear appropriate footwear to give balance and stability. Do not attempt to lift any object that is clearly too heavy for you. When lifting you should bend the knees and keep the back straight. Ensure the object being lifted is close to the body.
Wearing the correct clothing can minimise the risk of injury to athletes. Name a sport and give an example of how clothing helps keep the participant safe. In football: the goal keeper wears padded shorts and jersey to avoid impact injuries when diving to save a girl. In trampolining: baggy clothes must be avoided as they can catch on the springs. In kayaking: wet suits and dry suits are worn to avoid getting cold.
Wearing the correct footwear is essential in sport to avoid injury. Name a sport and explain what footwear is worn and why it is needed. In football and rugby boots with studs are worn to ensure good grip on the field. In basketball the boots provide ankle support to minimise the risk of sprains and strains. Footwear must be the correct size to prevent rubbing & blisters being formed.
Safety equipment is essential in sport. Name a sport and explain two pieces of safety equipment Boxing: gum shields and head guards. Hockey: shin pads, glove, gum shield. Kayaking: buoyancy aid and helmet. Rugby: shoulder pads & gum shield. Cricket: full face helmet, gloves, box, thigh pads, leg pads, chest pad.
Warm ups must always be used prior to athletes competing. What are the three phases of a warm up? Phase 1: Pulse raiser Phase 2: Stretches Phase 3: Technique/skill rehearsal
What types of injuries are known as overuse injuries? Stress fractures: caused by heavy pounding, running and jumping on a hard surface. Tennis elbow: inflammation of the tendons caused by repeated use.
What types of injuries are known as sudden injuries? Hamstring pulls: caused by overstretching.
What is the difference between a sprain and a strain? Strain: tendon damage caused by over stretching. Sprain: ligament damage caused by sudden twisting and excessive over stretching.
Soft tissue injuries such as strains and sprains are treated using the RICE principle. What does each letter represent? REST ICE COMPRESSION ELEVATION
Major injuries can unfortunately occur during sport. What injuries are classified as a major injury? Deep cuts: A tear in the skins surface. Fractures: A break in the bone Dislocation: A separation of two bones where they meet at a joint.
The environment can lead to athletes suffering from life threatening conditions. What injuries are known as environmental injuries? Dehydration Hypothermia Heat stroke
What is dehydration? What are the causes? A rapid loss of water from the body. Caused by lack of fluid intake, competing in a hot environment causing excess sweating. The intensity of exercising causing excess sweating.
What is hypothermia? What are the causes? A rapid cooling of the body (below 35 degrees, normally 37 degrees). Caused by prolonged exposure to the rain, wind, cold or being in cold water.
What is heat stroke? What are the causes? Is overheating of the body (40 degrees). The body cannot lose sweat often due to high humidity and as a result the person’s body temperature rises rapidly.
Personal hygiene is important. Give two examples of poor hygiene and explain its impact. Not showering after sport can lead to a build up of bacteria on the skin which can lead to infection and body odour. Not drying after showering can lead to athletes foot (a fungal infection).
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