Bacteriology

pressey_property
Flashcards by pressey_property, updated more than 1 year ago
pressey_property
Created by pressey_property over 7 years ago
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Study of bacteria and infection control

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Question Answer
1. What % of all bacteria is non-pathogenic and live on the surface of the skin? a. 30% b. 50% c. 70% d. 90% C. 70%
2. Bacterial cells that grow in pairs and are the cause of certain infections such as pneumonia are known as: a. bacilli b. diplococci c. spirilla d. staphylococci B. diplococci
3. Ingredients, associated hazards and storage requirements for a specific product are listed on the product's: a. MSDS b. RDA c. EPA d. registration number A. MSDS
4. Pus-forming bacterial cells that form grapelike clusters and are present in abscesses are called: a. staphylococci b. streptococci c. diplococci d. spirilla A. staphylococci
5. Sterilization standards require the use of a liquid sterilant and: a. moist or dry heat b. cold, freezing air c. disinfectant d. antiseptic A. moist or dry heat
6. Which type of bacteria does NOT produce diseases? a. viruses b. external parasites c. non-pathogenic d. pathogenic C. non-pathogenic
7. It is recommended that the cosmetologist wash his/her hands with this before each service: a. bar soap b. disinfection solution c. liquid soap d. sterilizing solution C. liquid soap
8. What is developed through the injection of antigens that stimulate the body's immune system? a. natural immunity b. active immunity c. passive immunity d. parasitic immunity C. passive immunity
8. what is the name of the activity that occurs when cells divide to create new cells? a. mitosis b. active stage c. inactive stage d. reproduction A. Mitosis
10. Which type of bacteria can be found in dairy products and can have health-enhancing properties? a. fungi b. microbes c. pathogenic d. non-pathogenic D. non-pathogenic
11. what level of infection control is the most effective in destroying all microbes? a. sanitation b. disinfection c. immunization d. sterilization D. sterilization
12. Bacilli and spirilla have the ability to move by themselves by using hair-like projections called: a. flagella b. cocci c. pathogens d. spores A. flagella
13. The regulating agency that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is known as: a. EPA b. RDA c. OSHA d. MSDS C. OSHA
14. AIDS is a disease that is caused by: a. HBV b. HIV c. cillia d. bacteria B. HIV
15. A highly infectious disease that infects the liver is known as: a. HBV b. AIDS c. common cold d. chicken pox B. HBV
16. Applying the same infection control procedures on all clients is a practice known as: a. immunity b. sanitation c. universal precautions d. hand washing C. universal precautions
17. what part of a product's label ensures that the product is both save and effective? a. manufacturer number b. directions for use c. ingredient list d. registration number D. registration number
18. Which of the following would be considered a local infection? a. flu b. rheumatic fever c. pus-filled boil d. AIDS C. pus-filled boil
19. Implements that are nonporous must be: a. discarded b. thrown away c. disinfected d. sanitized C. disinfected
20. What is the first level of infection control? a. disinfection b. sanitation c. sterilization d. handwashing B. sanitation
21. what type of non-pathogenic bacteria live on dead matter and do not produce disease? a. fungi b. viruses c. pathogenic d. saprophytes D. saprophytes
22. The process of double-bagging blood-soiled or decontaminated articles is called: a. blood procedure b. blood spill procedure c. bloodborne pathogen process d. bloodborne procedure B. Blood spill procedure
23. The term used to describe efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill certain or all microbes is: a. immunity b. sanitation c. infection control d. universal precautions C. infection control
24. The common cold, hepatitis, and measles are examples of: a. beneficial diseases b. harmless diseases c. communicable diseases d. non-pathogenic diseases C. communicable disease
25. The scientific study of small organisms called microbes is known as: a. ecology b. microbiology c. bacteriology d. ergonomics B. microbiology
26. what type of disinfectants kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Pseudomonas and are known as hospital-grade or hospital-level disinfectants? a. sanitizers b. bactericidals c. registered disinfectants d. broad spectrum disinfectants D. broad spectrum disinfectants
27. A communicable disease refers to a disease that is easily: a. vaccinated b. immunized c. not spread from one person to another d. spread from one person to another D. spread from one person to another
28. what is the second level of infection control? a. sanitation b. disinfection c. immunity d. sterilization B. disinfection
29. Chemical products used to destroy or kill bacteria and some viruses (except bacterial spores) are called: a. soap b. disinfectants c. antiseptics d. fungicidals B. disinfectants
30. A general infection occurs when the circulatory system carries bacteria and toxins to: a. the brain b. all parts of the body c. the skin area d. a small, confined area only B. all parts of the body
31. How do bacterial cells enter the body? a. through a break in the skin b. through one's nose and throat c. through the mouth d. all of the above D. all of the above
32. which of the following statements is NOT a method used to ventilate the salon for a healthy environment? a. positioning fans towards the client b. keeping all bottles capped c. installing air conditioners d. using local ventilation where chemicals are being used A. positioning fans towards the client
33. Infection control is divided into three main categories: sanitation, disinfection, and: a. immunity b. sterilization c. cleaning d. hand washing B. sterilization
34. Bacteria can be classified into two types- pathogenic and: a. viruses b. microbes c. saprophytes d. non-pathogenic D. non-pathogenic
35. Where can the information about the effectiveness of infection control products be found? a. efficacy label b. name c. directions d. OSHA comments A. efficacy label
36. What is recommended right before immersing a brush into a disinfecting solution? a. remove hair from the brush b. wash the brush with soap and water c. store the brush in a warm, moist place d. wash the brush with water only B. wash the brush with soap and water
37. The body's ability to destroy infectious agents that enter the body is referred to as: a. immunity b. sanitation c. disinfection d. universal precautions A. immunity
38. Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the blood or body fluids are known as: a. cocci b. mites c. fungi d. bloodborne pathogens D. bloodborne pathogens
39. Bacteriology is the scientific study of: a. bacteria b. personal hygiene c. toxins d. disease A. bacteria
40. Two important regulations that OSHA requires from product manufacturers are the MSDS and the: a. product formulas b. labeling of products c. where the product is created d. how the product is created B. labeling of products
41. Washing your hands is an example of: a. decontamination b. disinfection c. sanitation d. ventilation C. sanitation
42. A contagious or communicable infection is one that can: a. fight other diseases b. obtain nutrients from living organisms c. live on dead matter and are harmless d. be transmitted from one person to another D. be transmitted from one person to another
43. Which type of bacteria can be harmful and cause infection and disease? a. saprophytes b. pathogenic c. non-pathogenic d. microbes B. pathogenic
44. All of the following statements describe a way an infection can be spread in a salon EXCEPT: a. coughing or sneezing b. unclean hands and implements c. common use of towels and drinking cups d. disinfecting all implements after each use D. disinfecting all implements after each use
45. Spiraled or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause highly contagious diseases like syphilis, cholera and lyme disease are called: a. bacilli b. spirilla c. diplococci d. streptococci B. spirilla
46. One-celled microorganisms are called germs or: a. bacteria b. fungi c. ringworm d. external parasite A. bacteria
47. Sanitation practices apply to: a. killing bacteria b. killing viruses c. killing parasites d. removing dirt D. removing dirt
48. The type of bacteria that is round-shaped that appear singularly or in groups is known as: a. cocci b. bacilli c. spirilla d. saprophytes A. cocci
49. Organisms that live on or obtain their nutrients from other organisms are called: a. viruses b. bacilli c. external parasites d. staphylococci C. external parasites
50. The pus-forming cocci group that form into long chains and can cause strep throat or blood poisoning is called: a. bacilli b. staphylococci c. streptococci d. spirilla C. streptococci
51. Head scratching, redness or small bite marks on the scalp usually indicate the presence of: a. cilia b. cocci c. head lice d. nail fungus C. head lice
52. If you suspect someone is choking, what is the first step to take to determine the course of action? a. make a thumbless fist b. apply a cold compress c. lay the victim down on his/her back d. determine if the victim can speak or cough D. determine if the victim can speak or cough
53. Which organization approves the efficacy of products used for infection control? a. RDA b. EPA c. HBV d. OSHA B. EPA
54. Parasitic fungi are molds and yeasts that produce contagious diseases such as: a. ringworm b. mites c. AIDS d. HBV A. ringworm
55. Rod-shaped bacterial cells are known as: a. cocci b. bacilli c. spirilla d. staphylococci B. bacilli
56. After applying pressure to a bleeding wound on an arm and calling 9-1-1, it is advised that you: a. elevate the arm b. use a tourniquet c. wash the wound d. stitch up the wound A. elevate the arm
57. All of the following are ways HIV can be transmitted from one person to another EXCEPT: a. blood b. semen c. breast milk d. holding hands D. holding hands
58. What product is applied to the skin to reduce microbes? a. water b. shampoo c. lotion d. antiseptic D. antiseptic
59. Disinfection products are safe to use because they are non-toxic? true or false False
60. Performing a service with unclean hands and implements is one way to spread infection in the salon. true or false true
61. When treating an electrical burn, immerse the burned area in ice cold water until pain is relieved. true or false False
62. Approximately 70% of all bacteria are non-pathogenic and many live on the surface of the skin. true or false True
63. Precleaning instruments with soap and water is recommended before immersing an instrument into a disinfectant solution. true or false True
64. Sanitation methods can reduce and kill microbes on the surface. true or false False
65. The only way you can be sure that a product will do what you want it to do is to read the label and follow the directions. true or false True
66. Bacteria that produce disease are known as pathogenic bacteria. true or false True
67. Bacteria can cause infections by invading the body through a break in the skin or through any of the body's natural openings. true or false True
68. The practice of universal precautions means that the same infection control practices should be used on all clients. true or false True
69. The use of antiseptics and liquid soap only are required during the sterilization process to produce a surface free of all living organisms. true or false False
70. Natural immunity is developed through the injections of antigens. true or false False
71. An efficacy label on a disinfectant informs what the product is effective in fighting against. true or false true
72. Bacteria go through a growth cycle that consists of two stages: active and inactive. true or false true
73. The most effective level of infection control is sterilization. true or false true
74. Bacteriology involves keeping the environment of the salon in balance to guarantee everyone's well-being. true or false False
75. Streptococci are bacterial cells that grow in pairs and are the cause of certain infections such as pneumonia. true or false False
76. The first step in treating a chemical bur is to rinse away all traces of chemical while moving away any contaminated clothing from the bur area. true or false True
77. A local infection is located in a small, confined area. true or false True
78. Human Hepatitis B (HBV) interferes with the body's immune system, causing ti to break down. true or false False
79. Cocci are spiraled, coil-shaped bacterial cells that appear singularly or in groups. true or false False
80. Some bacteria can survive for a long time in extreme heat or cold. true or false true
81. One way to remove a brush or comb immersed in disinfectant solution is to use gloved hands. true or false True
82. Placing rollers or bobby pins in your mouth or pockets is an acceptable sanitation guideline. true or false False
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