Archaeology Sites to know

Flashcards by Kay_C, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Kay_C over 7 years ago


ANT 104 (Exam III) Flashcards on Archaeology Sites to know, created by Kay_C on 12/10/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Knossos -Knossos=most powerful monarch for Minoans -on Crete -frescoes on palace walls -Palaces controlled all agricultural goods and products by storing in large storerooms -Palaces became the centers of exchange for Minoan economy
Athens/ Parthenon -Athens= center of democracy w/in Greece (only polis to employ it) -Parthenon= built during time of Athenian democracy (under Pericles) -Parthenon -> built to honor Athena, state treasury held there -Parthenon-> exterior decorated w/ sculpltures (i.e.: in friezes & pediment)
Thebes/ Sparta -both= polis/ city-states -> meaning that each had their own form of gov't, laws, & $
Poverty Point -Northern American culture (Eastern) -Largest poverty point culture site ->situated overlooking the Mississippi floodplain near the confluences of 6 rivers -structures built on mounds bcuz on a flood plain -trade hub (peaked btween 1400-1100 BCE)
Chaco Canyon/ Pueblo Bonito -AD 900-1150 -located in American SW (NM) -imp: pueblo society (i.e.: Pueblo Bonito), maize cultivation (by AD 490) -artifacts: building constructions (pithouses (which bcome kivas),kivas, pueblos) -Pueblo Bonito: largest ancient dwelling & largest known ancestral puebloan dwelling -> built up slowly (peaked @ 175 rooms)
Mesa Verde -North American cultural period (SW-> CO) -Cliff dwellings (probably chosen bcuz of natural springs nearby) -large pueblo contains more than 200 small rooms plus kivas. Some of the construction is four storied. -ceremonial temples (i.e.: Sun Temple -> argued uses: astrological, palace protection) -black-on-white pottery
Grave Creek Mound -North American cultural period (Adena Complex site in WV) -Construction of the mound took place in successive stages from about 250-150 B.C., as indicated by the multiple burials at different levels w/in the structures. -In 1838, road engineers measured its height at 69 ft and its at the base as 295 ft. -Originally a moat of about 40 ft in width and five feet in depth w/ one causeway encircling it.
Cahokia/ Monks Mound -east-northeast of Saint Louis on Cahokia Creek -@ peak it may have had some 20,000-30,000 inhabitants (by AD 1050-1150, was regional center for the Mississippian culture w/ many satellite communities, villages & farmsteads around it. -City center is basically diamond shaped with an interior palisade -Monks mount (in city center)-> never a burial mound, only made to put structures on
Machu Picchu -S. American culture (Peru-> saddled btween 2 peaks in the Andes) -a complex of temples, palaces & observatories -believed to be the home of Inca ruling classes -Incas seemed to base site's construction of spring nearby-> Hydrology (canals, fountains, irrigation & drainage/sewage systems) -Agricultural(terraced side), Urban, & Religious( included Intihuatana (alter) &temple of the sun) -
Cuzco -South American culture -major city -> near Machu Picchu -Inca Civilization
Nazca Lines -lines made by moving rock to reveal yellow clay beneath to make designs such as: a bird, a monkey, a spider, a whale, a flower, etc. -suspected reasons for construction: (1) astrological connections (charting the stars); (2) ocean (bcuz ancient Nazca ppl fished in ocean)-> believed that they are pictorials of animals/ creatures ppl saw; (3) outline underground waterways
Serpent Mound -Effigy Mound of Eastern N. american cultural period (in OH)
Mycenae -Fortified (walled) Aegean Greek Mycenaean site -Lion's Gate -ruins of palace display defense/ protection tactics in doubled-walls & escape passages (part of their warring status)
Tikal -Mesoamerican cultural period (Mayan city in the rain forest of Guatemala) -priests thot to direct rural, peasant rituals from city's center -craft specializations -built on a series of low ridges bcuz in a swampy area
Chichén Itzá -Mesoamerican cultural period (late Mayan center in Yucatán) -Late in the tenth century A.D.,Chichén Itzá was rebuilt in an architectural style similar to that found at Tula. – During this time, the site grew to its maximum size, more than 2 sq mi. –largest ball court in Mesoamerica built here.
San Lorenzo -Mesoamerican cultural period (Oldest Olmec site occupied by 1500 B.C.) –Pottery found from earliest period -Monumental sculptures not until 1250 B.C -> i.e.: colossal heads (-Carved from basalt floated on huge rafts from Tuxtla mountains. –Ended around 900 B.C.;all monoliths intentionally mutilated/buried) -20 Lagunas -> ritual bathing
La Venta -Mesoamerican cultural period (Olmecs) -Contemporaneous w/ later phases of San Lorenzo, but persists -Includes mounds,plazas,tombs, basalt slab enclosures,& a clay pyramid. -Buried stone offerings:jade and serpentine;colored clay floors;mosaics;jaguar masks;stone figurines -Colossal heads
Teotihuacán -mesoamerican cultural period (established by the end of 2nd century B.C in Basin of Mexico) -multi-ethnic city -By the 1st century A.D.,Teotihuacán became primary settlement in the Basin -water canals & agricultural intensification to support its growing population -obsidian usage -Pyramids of the sun and moon-> exteriors believed to have been faced w/ white plaster & painted red to enhance visibility -multi-housed residentials
Tenochtitlán -Mesoamerican cultural period (Aztec->founded in A.D. 1325 on small, marshy island.) -developed into the largest & most powerful city in Mesoamerica (resources & control) -Basic residential units at Tenochtitlán were occupied by nuclear or joint families. – Individual compounds permitted public display of status & wealth->achieved status ideals (military & economic success) -commercial center -Cortés quickly and easily defeated the Aztecs
Show full summary Hide full summary


Important People and Artists
Archaeology Sites
Terminology I should be able to define/explain
Diseño de Software
Verny Fernandez
edwin patrico
Estadistícas adn de cultura para el desarollo del Ecuador
daniel panata
Elizabeth Flores
fundamentos de los derechos humanos
Elizzeo Chellito
New GCSE Maths
Brigitte Bunge