Chapter 6- Part 2

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IS Exam 3 Flashcards on Chapter 6- Part 2, created by aleaguirre on 11/04/2013.

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Created by aleaguirre almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Internet Started in 1969 as a U.S. Department of Defense project called Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET); Worldwide collection of millions of computers and networks
World Wide Web (WWW) A global hypertext system that uses the Internet as its transport mechanism - provides a graphical interface to the largely text-based Internet
Hypertext with embedded links to connect documents to each other and also provide links to other objects such as sound, video, or animation files
HTTP (Hypertext transport protocol) the Internet protocol that supports the exchange of information on the WWW
Internet Protocol (IP) address A 32 bit address written as 4 numbers from 0 – 255 separated by periods
IPv6 Uses 128 bit addresses to provide more than a quadrillion possible unique IP addresses
Uniform resource locator (URL) Identifies a Web page & tells the browser where to look for the page; Combines the protocol information (http://) with the Domain name
Domain Name System (DNS) converts the Domain name to the IP address
Domain Name The English-like name that corresponds to the IP address for each computer connected to the Internet; Identifies the Website
TLD-suffix that indicates the top-level domain (TLD) it belongs to Examples: Organizational (gTLDs) ex. .com, .edu Country-code (ccTLDs) ex. .au, .ca, .jp
registrars companies that can register domain names
Cyber-squatting -registering domain names in hopes of selling the name for a profit; -registering, selling, or using a domain name to profit from someone else’s trademark
Virtual Private Network (VPN) private network of computers linked using a secure “tunnel” connection over the Internet. It protects data transmitted over the public Internet by encoding the data and “wrapping” them within the Internet Protocol (IP
Search Engines Started in early 1990s as relatively simple software programs using keyword indexes;
Search Engine Marketing use of search engines to deliver sponsored links (for which advertisers have paid) in search engine results
Search Engine Optimization process of changing a site’s content, layout and format in order to increase the ranking of the site on popular search engines and to generate more site visitors
Social Search an effort to provide fewer, more relevant, and trustworthy search results based on a person’s network of social contacts
Shopping Bots use intelligent agent software for searching Internet for shopping information
Web 2.0 2nd generation, interactive Internet-based services; Support Collaboration, sharing information, creating new content/services on-line; Feature interactivity, real-time user control, social participation, and user-generated content
Mashups SW composed of interchangeable components that mix freely with other applications to create something new
Blogs Personal web site the contains chronological entries; Journal or newsletter that’s updated frequently and intended for the general public
RSS Feed (Real Simple Syndication) Pulls specified content from web sites and feeds it automatically to user’s computers - you don’t have to keep checking a web site for updates; Fast, easy way to distribute Web content in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format
Wikis Collaborative web sites that allow users to add, delete, and sometimes modify content on-line
Social Networking Broad class of Web sites and services that allow users to connect with friends, family, and colleagues online
Web 3.0 Provides context for searching online information; Focuses on “intelligent” Web applications using various applications of AI technologies to create a “Semantic Web or Internet”
Internet 2 Collaborative effort involving more than 300 U.S. universities and corporations to develop advanced Internet technologies and applications
Gigapop (gigabit point of presence) Main function is the exchange of I2 traffic with a specified bandwidth of at least 1Gbps
Interplanetary Network Must be able to handle: Much greater distances Line of sight obstructions in space Weight of high powered antennas