Component 2: The Cognitive Approach

Blake Dunlop
Flashcards by Blake Dunlop, updated more than 1 year ago
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THE BASICS OF WHAT I WILL COVER

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Question Answer
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN HUMAN BEHAVIOUR BY FOCUSSING ON OUR... INTERNAL MENTAL PROCESSES!
WHAT ARE INTERNAL MENTAL PROCESSES? THINGS WE DO IN OUR HEAD! THIS INCLUDES MEMORY, THINKING, REASONING, PROBLEM SOLVING AND LANGUAGE.
WHAT IS THE COMPUTER ANALOGY? SIMPLY PUT: INPUT-> PROCESS-> OUTPUT (STIMULI FROM THE ENVIRONMENT-> THINKING, MAKING SENSE OF THE INFO-> BEHAVIOURAL RESPONSES)
STRENGTH OF THE COGNITIVE APPROACH? HELPS US UNDERSTAND HOW OUR MIND PROCESSES INFORMATION TO PRODUCE AN OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOUR, SUCH AS DEVELOPING COMMUNICATION SKILLS
WEAKNESS OF THE COGNITIVE APPROACH? RELIES ON THE USE OF OBJECTIVE AND SCIENTIFIC METHODS TO CONDUCT RESEARCH, LOWERING ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY.
ANOTHER WEAKNESS OF THE COGNITIVE APPROACH? OVERSIMPLIFIES COMPLEX HUMAN BEHAVIOUR TO AN INPUT-PROCESS-OUTPUT MODEL, WHICH IS REDUCTIONIST AND IGNORES OTHER INFLUENTIAL FACTORS.
THEME OF MEMORY: CLASSIC: LOFTUS AND PALMER 1974 EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY CONTEMPORARY: GRANT ET AL 1998 CONTEXT DEPENDANT MEMORY
THEME OF ATTENTION: CLASSIC: MORAY 1959 DICHOTIC LISTENING CONTEMPORARY: SIMON AND CHABRIS 1999 INATTENTIONAL BLINDNESS
DEFINE MEMORY THE FACULTY BY WHICH THE MIND STORES AND REMEMBERS INFORMATION
DEFINE ATTENTION NOTICE TAKEN OF SOMEONE OR SOMETHING THE ACT OF DEALING WITH OR TAKING SPECIAL CARE OF SOMETHING OR SOMEONE
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