AP Psychology Chap 1 Flash Cards

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Flashcards by jgshipman, updated more than 1 year ago
jgshipman
Created by jgshipman about 5 years ago
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AP Psychology Chapter One Flashcards

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Question Answer
Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes of humans and animals
Wilhelm Wundt 1832-1930 Know as the Founder of Modern Day Psychology he founded the first experimental psychology
Structuralism A psychological school of thought which foucused on the ID of parts of the mind
Introspection* The process of looking into oneself to gain insight
William James (1842-1910) Psychologist and philosopher known for writing the principles of psychology
Functionalism A psychological school of thought moving away from structuralsim. Based on how the brain affects behavior
psychoanalysis* A theory developed by Sigmund Freud. Based on bring forward repressed unconscious thoughts
Gestalt psychology* The scientific study of how people organize and integrate information they percieve
phrenology* The study and mesurment of bumps on people's heads in relation to their behavior
Behaviorism The psychological study of obviously observed behavior
John B Watson* Know as the Father of Behaviorism, which emphasizes objective and observable data
Little Albert* Watson's famous experiment where a baby "Little Albert" was taught to fear a white rat which was generalized to other furry objects
Ivan Pavlov* (1849 - 1936) Known for decribing the psychological phenomenon "classical conditioning"
B. F. Skinner* (1904 - 1990) Known for his theory of Operant Conditioning
Humanistic psychology empasizes the human capacity for choice and growth
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Known as the Father of Humanistic Psychology
Carl B. Rogers (1902 - 1987)
Nature vs Nurture Debate what is the main driving force what we are born with or what experiences we had
Basic research vs applied research Basic: Research with the intent to increase base knowledge Applied: Research used to solve practical problems
clinical psychology* The goal of clinical psychology is to assess, diagnose and treat a variety of mental disorders
psychiatrist A psychologist with a medical degree, can prescribe medicine
Industrial/Organizational psychologist studies the relationships between work and people
Human Factors psychologist* how the human mind and body interacts with its tools and environment
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