Psychology Flashcards Breanna Carlton

Flashcards by bcarlton, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by bcarlton almost 6 years ago


These are my vocabulary flashcards for AP psychology.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Psychology scientific study of behavior and mental (cognitive) processes of human and animals
Psychoanalysis A system of psychological theory and therapy aimed to treat mental disorders ( investigates the elements of conscious and unconscious elements of the mind)
introspection examination or observation of one's own mental or emotional processes
behaviorism the theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in terms of conditioning (without appeal to thoughts or feelings)
psychiatrist a medical practioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses
clinical depression a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or more.
clinical psychology branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and disability
industrial organization psychologist characterized by the scientific study of human behavior in the organization and the workplace
William James (1842-1910) was a psychologist and a philosopher and was recognized for writing the priciples of psychology
basic research vs. applied research basic research- aimed to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediciton of natural or other phenoma applied research- form of systematic inquiry involving the the practical application of science
phrenology detailed study of the shape and size of the cranium as a supposed indication of character and mental abilities
John B. Watson an american psychologist; established the pychological school of behaviorism
Ivan pavlov a russian physiologist primarily known for his work in classical conditioning
humanistic psychology physcological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person
Wilhelm Wundt ''Founder of Modern Psychology" and "Father of Experimental Psychology"; he established the first laboratory in the world that was dedicated to experimental psychology
Functionalism the doctrine that emphasizes the adaptiveness of the mental or behavioral processes
B.F. Skinner emphasizes observable behavior in the study of humans, he is an experimental psychologist at harvard; is perhaps the most predominant figure in American psychology['
cognitive involved in mental processes and gaining comprehension
dualism mind and matter or mind and body; any system that explains phenomena by two opposing principles
structuralism defined as psychology as of the elements of consciousness
gestalt psychology the theory that physiological or psychological phenomena do not occur through the summation of of individual elements, reflexes or sensations, but through gestalts functioning seperatley or interrelatedly.
evolutionary psychology branch of psychology that studies the mental adaptations of humans to a changing environment
trephination operation performed since the stone ages in which a circular section of the skull is carved away
biopsychology pyschology science of the brain and nervous system and how they influence behavior
cognitive psychology study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking
sociocultural psychology the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied prescence of others
nature vs. nuture debate arguement whether a person's development is predisposed in his DNA or a majority of it is influenced by his life experiences and his environment
Abraham Maslow american psychologist and a founder of humanistic psychology who developed a model of human motivation, in which a higher need is expressed only after lower needs are filled
Carl B. Rogers a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow, but added that for a person to grow, they need an environment that provides them with genuineness, acceptance, and empathy
human factors psychologists focuses on improving and adapting technology, equipment, and work environments to compliment human behavior and capabiltites
little albert experiment was a case study showing empirical evidence of classocal conditioning in humans
tabula rasa in Locke's philosophy, this was the theory that at birth the ( human) mind is a ''blank slate'', without rules for processing data, and that data is added and rules for processing are formed solely by one's sensory experiences
Show full summary Hide full summary


History of Psychology
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
TOEFL English Vocab (A - M)
Ali Kane
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
Random German A-level Vocab
Libby Shaw
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
TOEFL English Vocabulary (N - Z)
Ali Kane
Vocabulary Words
Jenna Trost