AS Archaeology - 'Seahenge' Case study - Holme-next-to-the-sea

Rebecca Giddings
Flashcards by Rebecca Giddings, updated more than 1 year ago
Rebecca Giddings
Created by Rebecca Giddings over 5 years ago


AS - Level Archaeology Flashcards on AS Archaeology - 'Seahenge' Case study - Holme-next-to-the-sea, created by Rebecca Giddings on 01/30/2016.

Resource summary

Question Answer
What site is this? Holme-next-to-the-sea
What year was the site (Holme-next-to-the-sea) discovered? 1999
How old is the site Holme-next-to-the-sea? 4000 years old
Where is Holme-next-to-the-sea located? Coast of Norfolk, UK
How many timbers makes up the outer circle? 56 oak timbers
What is located in the centre of this site? An upturned tree stump
How was the site preserved before excavation? Covered by a combination of sand and mud, preventing damage caused by the sea
How were the excavated timbers preserved? Kept in water in specially made tanks until a decision was reached
When was the central stump said to be felled? 2050BC
When were the oak timbers making up the outer ring felled? Spring (April-June) of 2049BC
How were the oak timbers dated? A chainsaw was used to cut a sample from the central tree stump. Relative dating (of tree rings) & absolute dating techniques used to date the site
What was special about the main tree stump? Strands of honeysuckle twisted into rope were found - carefully threaded through a specially cut hole in the stump
Why do we think the honeysuckle rope was on the stump? The method used to drag the stump to the site (it's resting place)
Was this a rescue site? Yes
Which organization rescued the site before it was destroyed? English Heritage
What can we find out from the cut marks left on the timbers? Each axe used left it's own unique cut mark, we can count the number of people involved in the construction of the site
How does this site link to excarnation? Central tree stump believed to be an excarnation table - body defleshed by nature by being left on the stump
What might the oak timber circle represent? A liminal boundary Could represent a change in spiritual space; entering a new world?
Why was the site at risk of being lost? Mud and sand preserving the site had been washed away. Site was originally a mile inland before the coastline eroded towards the site
What is the symbolism of the upturned tree stump? Possibly indicating the migration of the soul into the next world - ('underworld' - death) Timber circle said to 'contain the journey'
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