A Divided Union: Civil Rights in the USA, 1945-74

Izzy Noone
Flashcards by Izzy Noone, updated more than 1 year ago
Izzy Noone
Created by Izzy Noone over 5 years ago
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Question Answer
Give one reason why many Americans loathed communism Not democratic/ No private business or owners making profits
Give two events of the Cold War 1945-50 that intensified the 'Red Scare' Stalin takeover in East Europe/ Berlin Blockade or airlift/ war in Korea
The director of he FBI was strongly anti-communist. What was his name? J. Edgar Hoover
Which kind of employees had to prove that they were not communists? Government employees
Millions of employees were investigated? True or False? True
What happened to a government employee who was accused of being a security risk? They were forced out of their job
What do the letters HUAC stand for? House Un-American Activities Committee
Why were the Hollywood Ten sent to jail They refused to answer questions
Who/what organisation employed Alger Hiss? US State department
Alger Hiss spent 5 years in prison. What was his crime? Perjury
The Russians very quickly developed their own atomic bombs. What did the Americans suspect about this? Someone was passing on secrets
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg- who was he/ and what happened to them? Soviet spy, executed for treason
Against President Truman's wishes, Congress (led by McCarran) made a new law stopping communists having- what? Date? No passports- 1952
How did most people in the USA react to the 'Red Scare'? Intensely involved and often hysterical
Was Joe McCarthy a Republican or Democrat senator? Republican
What job was he given by president Eisenhower in 1952? Head of Committee to investigate communists
Which heroic soldier was accused by McCarthy of being a communist? General Marshall (of Marshall plan fame?)
How did the film industry help McCarthy in his 'witch-hunts'? Disney and Warner wouldn't employ suspected Communists produced scary sci-fi films (increased hysteria)
Name any two anti-McCarthy actions take in the 1950s Actors/ Hollywood stars/quality newspaper spoke out against him, TV programmes to discredit him and show he was lying about his 'evidence'
How did McCarthy fall apart? Humiliated on tv/ ridiculed/ alcoholic (died 1957)
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