Ap World Vocab 3

Kat Perez
Flashcards by Kat Perez, updated more than 1 year ago
Kat Perez
Created by Kat Perez about 5 years ago
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Unit 6

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Enlightenment A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Seven Years War Fought both in continental Europe and also in overseas colonies between 1756 and 1763; resulted in Prussian seizures of land from Austria, English seizures of colonies in India and North America
30 Years War War within the Holy Roman Empire between German Protestants and their allies (Sweden, Denmark and France), and the emperor and his ally, Spain; ended in 1648 after great destruction with Treaty of Westphalia
Capitalism an economic system based on open competition in a free market, in which individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit
Trading Post Empire This is the type of empire established by the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean trading arena.The Portuguese sought to control the commerce in the area and did not want to control large areas of land.
Daimyo Feudal lords of Japan who controlled their own samurai warriors. These warriors often found the military ingenuity of the European powers appealing.
Tokugawa Shogunate Shogun clan who believed that outside influences were bad for Japan and who closed off the country from Europe. While the Tokugawa kept Japan from trading with European countries, they maintained trade with China and Korea.
Matteo Ricci An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of Astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China
Manchu Jurchen people from region northeast of Chinese empire; seized power following collapse of ming dynasty.
Forbidden City a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China
Floating Words Entertainment district: Haiku clubs and tea houses, Geisha, Kabuki plays, sumo. offered escape from social responsibilities and the rigid rules of conduct
Meritocracy government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability.
Kabuki Theater A form of Japanese theater developed in the 17th century that features colorful scenery and costumes and an exaggerated style of acting
Renaissance The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome
Counter Reformation the reaction of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation
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