Important Terms and Abbreviations

Pip Fraggle
Flashcards by Pip Fraggle, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Pip Fraggle
Created by Pip Fraggle almost 4 years ago


Important Terms and Abbreviations found when working in the Phlebotomy field

Resource summary

Question Answer
OR operating room
POL Physician office laboratory
SDS safety data sheet
FBS fasting Blood Sugar
Basal state body's state after 8-12 hours of fasting and absentation from strenuous excersise
Diurnal Variation normal daily fluctuations in body chemistry related to hormonal cycles, sleep-wake cycles and other regular patterns of change
SLE systemic lupus erthematosus
BMP basic metabolic panel
GTT glucose tolerance test
PBT phlebotomy technician
RPR rapid plasma reagin
NAACLS National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Services
MLT medical laboratory technicians
TIBC total iron-binding capacity
t-PA tissue plasminogen activator
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin
PHI Protected Health Information
BT bleeding time
ACTH adrenocorticotropic homrone
ICU intensive care unit
WBC white blood cell
INR international normalized ratio
HBV hepatitis B virus
LIS laboratory information servises
PCA patient care assistant
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
AMT American Medical Technologists
ASCLS American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science
ASCP American Society for Clinical Pathology
ASPT American Society for Phlebotomy Technicians
CPT certified phlebotomy technician
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
NAACLA National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
NHA National Health career Association
NPA National Phlebotomy Association
RPT registered phlebotomy technician
2-hr PPSB 2 hour postprandial blood sugar
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ALP Alkaline Phosphatase
ALT Alanine amonotransferase
ANA antinuclear antibodies
aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AST aspartate aminotransferase
BUN Blood urea nitrogen
C&S Culture and Sensitivity
CAP College of American pathologists
CBC complete Blood Count
CCU cardiac care unit
CK creatine kinase
CK-MP creatine kinase-MB
CLIA '88 Clinical and Laboratory Improvement act of 1988
CLSI Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute
CMP comprehensive metabolic panel
diff differential count
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic (eth-uh-leen-dahy-uh-meen-te-truh-uh-see-tik, -set-ik,) acid
ER, ED emergency room, emergency department
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FDP fibrin degradation product
hCG human chronic gonadotropin
Hct hematocrit
differential count determination of the proportions of the various blood types
hematoma reddened, swollen area in which blood collects under the skin
hemoconcentration increase in the ratio of formed elements to plasma, usually caused by leaving tourniquet on too long
HDL high-density lipoprotein
Hb hemoglobin
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HMO health maintenance organization
IV intravenous
LDL low density lipoprotein
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MLS Medical laboratory scientist
MPV mean platelet volume
MT medical technologists
Plt platelets
PPO preferred provider organization
PT prothrombin time
RBC red blood cell
RDW red blood cell distribution width
RN registered nurse
SST serum separator tube
STAT short turnaround time
TMD therapeutic drug monitoring
WBC white blood cell
CHP chemical hygiene plan
CPR cardio pulmonary resucitation
DOT department of transportation
FDA food and drug administration
GHS Globally Harmonized System
HCL hydrochloric acid
HCV hepatitis C virus
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
BBP Blood Borne Pathogen
Blood Borne Pathogen Infectious agents carried in the blood, certain body fluids and unfixed (unpreserved) tissues
CDC Cetners for Disease Control and Prevention
ECP exposure control plan
EP Expanded Precautions
HAI health care-associated infection
HEPA high-efficiency particulate air
HTLV human T-cell lymphotropic virus
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
PE protective enviroment
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
AGB arterial blood gas
ACE angiotensin converting enxyme
ADH anti-diuretic hormone
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
CK-BB creatine kinase-BB
CK-MM creatine kinase-MM
CNS central nervous system
FHS follicle-stimulating hormone
FTA-ABS Flurorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption Test
Flurorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption Test confirmatory test for syphilis
GH growth hormone
HBsAG hepatitis B surface antigen
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
KOH potassium hyroxide
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
O&P ova and parasites
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PPD purified protein derivative
PTH parathyroid hormone
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
TSS toxic shock syndrome
URI upper respiratory infection
APL antiphospholipid antibody
AV atrioventricular
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DVT deep vein thrombosis
MHC Major Histocompatibility complex
Major Histocompatibility complex the host protein that displays the antigen fragment on the cell surface.
MI mycardial infarction
NK natural killer
PMN polymorphonuclear
SCID severe combined immune deficiency
segs segmented neutrophil
PST plasma separator tube
SPS sodium polyanetholesulfonate
ABN Advance Beneficiary Notice of Non-coverage
ICD-9-CM International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification: Tube requisition
ICD-10-CM International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification: Tube requisition
BURPP bilirubin, uric, acid, phosphorus and potassium
PFA platelet function assay
PEP post Exposure Prophlaxis
AABB American Association of Blood Banks
COC chain of custody
BC blood culture
FUO fever of unknown origin
LTT Lactose Tolerance Test
NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse
OGTT Oral Glucose tolerance test
basal state body's state after 8-12 hours of fasting and abstention from strenuous excersise
hyperglycemia abnormally elevated blood sugar
hypoglycemia abnormally low blood sugar
Pathogen a microorganism capable of producing disease
Universal Precautions treating all blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, non-intact skin and mucosal membranes as if they are infected with blood borne or other pathogens and treating every one as if they are infections
Standard Precautions Infection control measures that use Barrier Protection and Work control practices to prevent direct skin contact with blood, other body fluids and tissues from all persons
Post Exposure Prophlaxis (PEP) is short-term antiretroviral treatment to reduce the likelihood of certain infections (HIV, Hep B) after potential exposure
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) fluid-resistant gowns, masks, respirators, face shields, shoe covers and gloves, all meant to protect an individual from the potential health hazards they may come in contact with, either through a patient or the environment
Red Bag waste biohazardous waste
Serum clear yellow fluid that remains after clotted Blood has been centrifuged and sperated
Plasma fluid portion of the blood
Whole blood blood collected and mixed with anticoagulant so that it will not clot
Septicemia Blood infection by any pathogenic microorganism
Sepsis Bacterial infection
Vasoconstriction when the smooth muscle of a blood vessel contracts, causing the lumen of the vessel to become smaller
hemostasis process by which the body stops blood from leaking out of a wound
Osteochondritis painful inflammation of the bone or cartilage
Osteomyelitis infection of the bone which is serious and possibly fatal
occluded veins blocked veins
sclerosed veins hardened veins
sharps container container that is puncture resistant which is used to dispose of sharps
neutropenic when an immunocompromised patient is at risk of being exposed to an outside infectious agent
neutropenic precautions (Reverse Isolation) wash hands prior to entering the patient's room, wear mask, do not enter with cold symptoms, flowers or plants
Nosocomial infections an infection acquired in a healthcare envrionment
Droplet Respiratory Precautions Gown and mask with face shield if within 3 ft of the patient: Apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with a pathogen that can be transmitted by droplet route:
Airborne Respiratory Precautions N95 mask, gown, goggles, negative airflow with door closed: Apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with a pathogen that can be transmitted by airborne route:
Contact Precautions gloves when entering room; gown if lab coat may touch patient, linen or equipment; PPE doned when entering the room then taken off before exiting
Edema swelling of tissue due to an accumulation of fluid
Petechiae a small red spot appearing on the skin that is caused by a tourniquet that is too tight
hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
homeostasis maintenance of a constant internal environment
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