Development Vocab words

Flashcards by TaterTot, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by TaterTot over 5 years ago



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Developmental psychologist study of how and why human beings develop over the course of their life
nature vs nurture nature: heredity, genes nurture: experiences
Cross sectional research observational study that involves the analysis of data collected from a population
longitudinal research data is gathered for the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time
zygote, embryo, fetus stages of child development in the womb
teratogens something that will cause a birth defect.
fetal alcohol syndrome when the mother drinks alcohol during her pregnancy, the baby turns out with birth defects
rooting reflex babies turn the face toward the stimulus and make sucking motions with the mouth
moro reflex moving the hand from under the neck causing the baby to stretch out its arms
babinski reflex the sole of the foot has been firmly stroker, making the baby flail its toes
harry harlow's attachment research tested the effects of attachment with replacing a monkey's mother with a wire mother and a soft cloth mother
contact comfort a baby (monkey) must hold onto something that will comfort it
konrad lorenz and imprinting coming to recognize as a parent or other object of habitual trust
critical period period during someone's development in which a particular skill or characteristic is believed to be most readily acquired.
mary ainsworth did the experiment Strange Situation, observes attachment relationships between a caregiver and child.
secure attachments children who show some distress when their caregiver leaves but are able to compose themselves and do something knowing that their caregiver will return
avoidant attachments emotionally unavailable or unresponsive to them a good deal of the time
anxious/ambivalent attachments avoid or ignoring the caregiver
authoritarian strict rules or guidelines to follow
permissive lets the child do what they want
authoritative less strict rules
sigmund freud an austrian neurologist and the father or psychoanalysis
jean piaget a clinical psychologist known for his pioneering work in child development Cognitive development (four stages)
schemata representation of a plan in the form of an outline or model
assimilation making everything the same thing
accommodation allowing to be with
sensorimotor stage first two years of an infant's life
object permanence objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed
preoperational stage begins around age two and lasts till you are age seven
egocentric thinking only of oneself
animism attribution of a soul to inanimate objects
concrete operations stage of cognitive development
law of conservation principle that in any closed system subjected to no external forces, the mass is constant irrespective of its changes in form
formal operations begins at age 11
deferred gratification ability to resist the temptation for an immediate reward and wait for a later reward
Lev Vygotsky made the Vygotsky's social development theory
Zone of proximal development difference between what a learned can do without help and what he or she can do with help
Erik Erikson personality develops in a series of stages
trust vs mistrust first stage of erik erikson's theory
autonomy vs shame and doubt second stage
initiative vs inferiority third stage
industry vs inferiority fourth stage
identity vs isolation fifth step
intimacy vs isolation 6th step
generativity vs stagnation 7th stage
integrity vs despair 8th stage
lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development morality starts from the early childhood years and can be affected by several factors
preconventional stage develop punishment obedience orientation and instrumental relativist orientation
conventional stage good boy- nice girl orientation and law and order orientation
post conventional morality social contract orientation and universal ethical principle orientation
primary sex characteristics any of the body structures directly concerned in reproduction
secondary sex characteristics features that appear at sexual maturity
menarche first menstrual cycle
menopause cannot bleed anymore
social clock cultural specific timetable for events to occur
crystallized intelligence ability to use skills, knowledge, and experience
fluid intelligence Capacity to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge
Elizabeth Kubler Ross stages of grieving study of death and dying
Four stages, Piaget
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