Medicine Through Time - Keywords

Lara Jackson
Flashcards by , created over 3 years ago

the definitions of the keywords in Medicine through time.

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Lara Jackson
Created by Lara Jackson over 3 years ago
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Question Answer
ALMSHOUSE A house founded by charity, offering accommodation to the poor.
ANAESTHETIC A substance that induces insensitivity to pain.
ANATOMY The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals and other living organisms.
ANTIBIOTICS A medicine that inhibits the growth of or destroys micro-organisms.
ANTISEPTIC Preventing the growth of disease - causing micro-organisms.
APOTHECARY A person who prepared and sold medicines and drugs.
ASEPTIC Free from contamination caused by micro-organisms. Surgically sterile or sterilized.
BLACK DEATH Devastating pandemic in history. 75-200 million deaths. 1346-53
BLOODLETTING The surgical removal of some of a patients blood for therapeutic purposes.
CAUTERY An instrument or a caustic substance used for cauterizing.
DISSECTION The action of dissecting a body or plant to study its internal parts.
DNA A self replicating material which is present in all living organisms. Carrier of genetic information.
FLAGELLANTS A person who subjects themselves or others to flogging as a religious discipline.
FOUR HUMOURS Hippocrate's theory. Blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. It has an influence on the body and emotions.
HYGIENE Conditions or practises conductive to maintaining health and preventing disease.
IMMUNISATION An individuals immune system becomes fortified against an agent.
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
INOCULATION The action of being vaccinated.
LAISSEZ FAIRE The policy of leaving things to take their own course, without interfering.
LIGATURE A thing used for tying or bonding something tightly.
MAGIC BULLET A medicine or other remedy with advanced or highly specific properties.
MIASMA An unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapour.
MICROBES A micro-organism, especially a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.
NHS The National Health Service.
PATENT MEDICINE A property medicine made and marketed under a patent and available without prescription.
PHARMACY A shop or hospital dispensary where medicinal drugs are sold.
PHYSIOLOGY The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms.
PLASTIC SURGERY The process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body.
PUBLIC HEALTH The health of the population as a whole, especially as monitored, regulated and promoted.
PURGING Rid (someone) of an unwanted feeling, memory or condition.
RENAISSANCE 14th-16th century.
SEPSIS The presence in tissues of harmful bacteria and their toxins, typically through infection of a wound.
SEWER An underground conduit for carrying off drainage water and waste matter.
SPONTANEOUS GENERATION The supposed production of living organisms from non-living matter.
SUPERNATURAL Manifestations of events considered to be of supernatural origin, such as ghosts.
SURGEON A medical practitioner qualified to practice surgery.
TRANSFUSION The act of transferring donated blood, blood products, or other fluid into the system.
VACCINATION The administration of antigenic material to create a pathogen.