History OCR Nazi Germany flashcards

taylorb11
Flashcards by taylorb11, updated more than 1 year ago
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For more of a challenge these should be shuffled as I made them in chronological order. Also, if anybody wants, I can send the timeline I originally wrote to create these with.
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Question Answer
Sum up 1918 in four key points. -August: allies offer peace if Germany becomes more democratic -9th November: Kaiser abdicates, flees to Netherlands -11th November: Ebert signs armistice with allies -November- Weimar government created
Describe the spartacist revolt. -happened in early 1919 -revolt led by soldiers and sailors -attempted halt by freikorps, 600 died -the government looked weak, remaining communists were angrier
When was the early Nazi party first set up? 1919
Describe the Kapp Putsch. -happened in 1920 -Kapp led 5000 freikorps into Berlin, but this failed
Why was the Kapp Putsch not dealt with as harshly as the spartacist revolt? The kaiser's former advisors had positions in the army and felt sympathy.
By the end of 1920, how many members did the Nazi party have? 3000
How much did Germany pay in reparations in 1921? 50 million marks
When and why did French and Belgian troops enter the Ruhr? 11th January, 1923, because Germany had no money for their reparations payment at the end of 1922.
Describe the invasion of the Ruhr and its consequences. -French and Belgian troops entered and took what they wanted (this was legal) -German workers went on strike so there was nothing left to take - the French brought in workers to get things moving -the German economy collapsed, could not make money
How did Germany enter a state of hyperinflation? The government printed more and more money until it became worthless and everything was more expensive.
What happened on the 8th November, 1923? Explain why. (hint- Hitler, Bavarian Prime minister) Hitler held the Bavarian prime minister at gunpoint so he and his ministers would support him in overthrowing the Reich government. He had to get into power quickly as Stresemann's government had support and was sorting out hyperinflation.
How did Stresemann end hyperinflation? He changed the currency, introduced the rentonmark in 1924.
Describe the Munich Putsch and its consequences. -happened in 1923 -Hitler attempted to overthrow the government in Munich but failed -16 Nazis died and Hitler was put into Prison for a month
What was the Dawes plan? What effects did it have? -put into place by Stresemann in 1924, it included an American loan of 8 million marks -it reduced the reparations payment in the short term and the economy started to recover, more jobs were available
What were the years 1924-1929 known as? The golden years.
When was the Locarno Treaty signed? 1st January 1925
When did Germany join the League of Nations? 1926
When was the Wall Street Crash? October 24th, 1929
After the election in 1930, how many seats did the Nazi party have in the Reichstag? 132
How many seats in the Reichstag did the Nazi party have after the election in 1931? 230- this made them the largest party.
How many seats did the Nazi Party have in the Reichstag in the early 1932 election? 196 (still ahead of their rivals, the social democrats, with 121 seats)
What did Hitler do in July 1932? (hint: Von Papen refused) He demanded to be chancellor as the Nazi party was the largest,but Von Papen refused to give him the role.
In the election of 1932, how many seats did the Nazi party have and why? 38- the effects of the wall street crash were subsiding and an extreme leader was no longer needed.
Why was the Weimar government system not working by the end of 1932? There were many different chancellors that kept resigning; a leader with lots of support was needed.
Who offered Hitler the role of chancellor? Describe when and why. Von Papen and Hindenburg offered Hitler the role of chancellor
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